We Need to Save/Protect the Wild Horses and Keystone Species Alike: Survival of the Human Species may depend upon what we do here

The effects of Keystone Species, also referred to as a strongly interactive species, include habitat enrichment, symbiosis, and competition . . .

Science provides our best tool for probing what these interactions mean to ecosystem function and structure. We need science within the EA’s of all wild horse herd roundups – and not long-term pastures, not Pesticide PZP, not castration of stallions, but healthy Ecological Systems that support not just wild horses, but Keystone Species as well.  Both as a priority.

Then, and only then, place the wild horses back onto Public Lands, and within the Forestry Lands – as a species, along with other wildlife, that can establish themselves within a natural environment, all the while enhancing that same environmental landscape.

Although, this also means Ranching on Public Lands must go, as being only a severe blight of American taxpayer money, with no redeeming reasoning for payback what so ever – a few welfare rancher’s get rich, taxpayers get ripped-off.

We already know, and acknowledge, that the loss of a Keystone Predator causes disruption of ecological process, just as the loss of wild horses would do – as we seen time and time again. This is why many of us are concerned about the viability of not only the wild horses, but of wolf packs, of bears, of Cougar, et al.

Simplification of biological communities (a one-species only – non-indigenous, circumstance is destructive — a cattle pasture, for example, is void of wildlife around it, and cattle-browse/grazing wrecks havoc with not only vegetation, but destroys the soil to a level of non-use in future production), are and will remain in the future a very dangerous option to be selected. Another good example, is allowing deer and Elk to eat at random and without roaming to other areas until necessary to do so, the entire ecological region can become one big smorgasbord of food for ungulates – eating everything in sight, and there goes the community, so to speak — when area cleansed of predators.

What is important? The predator-prey interactions to begin with nutrient cycling, and seed dispersal. Now we can see the relationship that wild horses, and all the other diversified wildlife, vegetation, insects, creeks, ponds, rivers, birds of prey, birds in common, small creatures, creatures along creek or stream channel edges, among other items, have in common – the “connection” so to speak.

EA’s completed properly, as well as the although somewhat redundant, regulatory and mandatory situations that provide evidence that a roundup, or a change in ecology needed, and will also enhance a given area or ecological zone,, and we have a process, in total, that can give us the information statistically that can and would prevent ecological disasters. . . also would prevent roundups or bait and trap roundups alike.  Compare this with the tremendous Pesticide PZP fiasco, or castration abuse of stallions on our Public Lands, brought about by the Pesticide PZP provocation — and yes, we had and still do have options. . . to say that is not so, is to be terribly ignorant over the landscape of options we do have currently.

We need questions answered with speed, yes, but with accuracy as the priority. Some of the questions today, we need answers for, and since the 1960’s – isn’t that interesting? But why is this? While the questions are not simple, further hypothesis, with no outright distractions (BLM demands of birth control (i.e. Pesticide PZP from those who know nothing of ecology or science for that matter) because of their made-up lies of overpopulation, very costly to taxpayers, remains a major distraction to say the least) our ecological landscapes do tell stories, and of the types we need to pay attention toward, and not pretend it does not exist.

What we are looking for is consistency. The remarkable similar patterns in ecosystems worldwide, or within established Land Mass Islands. This type of trophic-science assists us in understanding how nature works, and how it becomes beneficial to not just wildlife, the wild horses, or the wolves, but to the human species as well. Yes, we can save ourselves, to spite ourselves, so to speak.

But ultimately, we can sustain biodiversity within our country, and help to re-establish clean air, clean and drinkable water, grasslands re-established, and above all to stop the domestic kill-off of our wildlife for very greedy, unscientific, and special interest group decision making only. It’s time, is all. Time for action. . . – John Cox, Cascade Journal

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Posted by on February 16, 2018 in Uncategorized


Government Agencies lack good management of Wild Horse Herds; Special Interest Management very costly to taxpayers

When a diversity within habitats, as large islands of an ecological zone, various wildlife and vegetation species populations tend to be much larger. This does not create an open-door policy to cattle at all — a non-indigenous and extremely destructive species, and those that manage them have not acquired a means to live with both our natural resources nor our wildlife. Cattle are not adaptive, as good science and data gathering show quite well.

Ironically, some advocate organizations that claim to enhance wildlife population, with birth controls and castration techniques, many of us find their methodology inept at best. Even more ironic, we see them going to court, defending such wayward and corrupt government agencies as the Bureau of Land Management, with their inept, and certainly very unknowledgeable claims toward biology.

The fact is biology does not have anything to do with their PZP, castration, or any other wayward and corrupt technology they support. Sustainability, diversification, and natural occurrence, which costs nothing, has been shown over centuries, to work well with wildlife populations – as long as the human species leave some of these types of ecological zones alone.

In truth, many notable research biologists, among many other scientists, have found extinction rates to be affected by the kind, quality, and diversity of available habitats. . . Rates of succession and natural disturbance also play a role.

Islands within Land-Mass

These islands we speak of, others as well as myself conclude, are not just theoretical space, an abstraction, or a passing thought. No. They exist. Within history, as Leopold and the Craighead’s pointed out within many of their papers and research, when comparing reserves to islands, the issues grew, resolutions started to appear, and ironic again, complex within each separate island, unique characteristics often ignored over the years were, and always had been, part of the obvious solutions.

Of concern for the wild horses on our Public Lands and Forestry Lands? I have already discussed in previous articles, 1) Genetic uncertainties’; 2) Demographic uncertainties’; 3) Environmental uncertainties’; 4) Catastrophic uncertainties’. . .

These are all interactive, and make it near impossible to plan intent, or resolve problems with a mere one or two types of pretend resolutions, based on false statistics’, or just plain ignorant mind-sets (e.g. Pesticide PZP, castration combined with roundups = extinction, which is to be avoided always) . . .

What we are seeing today, and a lot of it, is many people simply do not understand the term, or the obvious seriousness, of species extinction. Ignorance plays a role in their lack of knowledge, and troubling to many is the fact these same people want to remain ignorant, seeing no reason to learn much of anything about resolving issues that lead to extinction of our wildlife, and within this context, the wild horses.

For example, an Environmental uncertainty could reduce the wild horse populations (already low and over-population simply a hypothetic-untruth, with no evidence to back it up) of numerous stallions, and only very few mares. This could, as shown in many studies over the decades within other wildlife and I see no difference here, can lead to inbreeding (i.e. Genetic uncertainty), which leads to few viable offspring, and this can lead directly to extinction.

True enough, the four stochastic processes difficult to model and their magnitude of effect on population dynamics increases as populations become smaller. Keep in mind, because so many are misleading the public right now; a viable population is one that maintains a vigor of health, and the potential for future evolutionary adaptation. Populations face increasing risks, currently not just the wild horses, but also bear, cougar, wolves, among many others, face increasing risks due to population declines. This is a responsible biological fact. Apparently, an ignored truism, from those who are paid salaries and thru donations, both government agencies and non-profits alike, to uphold – THE BIOLOGICAL TRUTH!

Viability and Truth

So, allow me to delve right into facts – truth that shines light on all the other nonsense out there, within both government agencies as well as some advocate groups that appeal toward money over ethics – that appeal toward greed over wild horse’s lives – We want the wild horses to win, but not only win, but survive this current onslaught of human ignorance, and to become viable again, while it is still possible. . . and be the true-icons and a source of our past, America’s past, that is not myth –

The very basis of viability, or genetical makeup, was first mentioned by Otto Frankel, Biologist in 1974. He noted that,

“. . . the prime parameters for continuing evolution (i.e. of a species) were the size of viable populations and the size of nature reserves;

Because the genes are the basis of an individual’s ability to track environmental change, there was a belief that some “genetic basement” number existed below which a population could not persist for very long;

Finally, there was a relative wealth of data on the effects of inbreeding and loss of heterozygosity from small populations bred in captivity. . .”

Wild Horses and Effects of . . .

Inbreeding in the wilds generates a downward spiral of reproduction, and survival rates go down. In reality, the wildlife species, in this case wild horses on Public and Forestry Lands, bear fewer total young, and the survival rate of those who do survive is less and less, over time. Bottom line: Heterozygosity develops.

This is where the genes on paired chromosomes are different at one or more locations, which increases genetic variety. Although, and as with the wild horses currently, when heterozygosity is lost, an individuals ability to handle environmental stress is reduced and the mortality rate of the population increases – the population loses ground, eventually lost = extinct!

Rather than further discussion on genetics, which could take a few articles to cover, allow me to jump over to HMA’s, or Horse Management Areas. Once again, we find falsehoods, in establishing these HMA’s – which was not in the original WH&B Act of 1971. In truth, what I discuss here is those smaller areas, or what is referred to as “minimum dynamic areas” or referenced in research as the “smallest area with a natural disturbance regime which maintains internal recolonization sources, and hence minimizes extinctions.”

The thoughts here promote the ideology that reserves of a smaller size would always be able to replenish themselves from areas inside their boundaries that have not been burned, blown down, flooded, or otherwise disturbed in some way. In another word, they can “manage themselves” into the future.

Within this scope of perception, we begin to understand why the BLM and the Forestry, although incompetently as usual, created the HMA, as a catch-all phrase only, under false premise. Their mind-set of ecological zones, or in this case HMA’s, simply do not provide a circumstance within an “area paradigm” of conclusive benefit to wildlife; as the buffer-zones, the roadway disturbance, ranching disturbance, and other influences compete with the actual area of a “livable-viable” producing ecological-zone habitat. Yes, we have a conundrum of happenstance.

These zones of habitat, supposedly to protect the wild horses, due to size and area parameters, do not fit within any paradigm where a “livable-zone” of protection exists, or what is termed a “centralized-wilderness-habitat” landscape. Then add cattle, and the destructive influence, or disturbance, becomes ten-fold.

This is all under the guise of “Multi-Use Public and Federal Lands” ideology – in reality, this particular ideology sacrifices our wildlife for domestic breeds or species to enhance production, due to the “raw-materials” available that enhance production levels, where the resources of this “raw-material” equates to — use it up and get out. . . then move onward to other areas of raw-material, which, does increase profit margins, while destroying our ecological zones exponentially, which are becoming fewer as time goes on. This is yet another obvious reason one cannot fight the corrupt BLM / Forestry from inside the corruption, as their terms of what an environmental landscape is, and what the reality is, are two complete different circumstances.

But how large can a “minimum dynamic area” be? To shed light on this circumstance we can note ideological grounds, for example, of past research into grizzly’s (the Craighead’s and others we watched on television for so many years on Mutual of Omaha’s nature programs, when we were young – never missed it – as well as other nature programming at that time discussing what I am writing here as well) which more than showed us all the necessity of an area and the need to offset the effects of genetic destruction, demographic problems, environmental uncertainties, and other situations of disturbance prohibiting area usage.

I am in the camp of those who maintain a truth, developed from facts of research and good data-gathering from past observations and research, and well referenced – that the “quasi-equilibrium” areas being fifty to one hundred times larger than the largest known disturbance patch in the region.

Wildlife and Reserves

Most animals do not range widely, plant species move slowly, and disturbances do not usually consume regional landscapes (i.e. fires and hurricanes are the anomaly, but cannot be left out of the disturbance ratios). Still, small reserves if isolated and surrounded by unsuitable habitat, will have problems with population of ecosystem viability – we can encapsulate wild horses being placed onto private reserves as well, as being unviable in total . . .

If landscapes are patterned by natural disturbances, most private landscapes are, or, where PZP or other birth controls are given, then thought should be given to whether or not the situation should even take place. Artificial landscapes are just that, and for the weak of mind, if they assume resolution for a species will develop to such a proportion as to assume any viability of growth patterns to increase at all, of the wild horses, for example; or, any long-term growth in viability will take place at all. Therefore, we can exclude privatization of our wild horses, and acknowledge viability is simply gone once the wild horses taken out of their natural habitat of wilderness areas.

So where does good science, good data gathering, sound observations, and the ability to decipher all of these situations into a positive impact on wild horse viability? I think two obvious approaches exist:

  • Manage environmental landscapes as a whole, and actually use truthful viable-population research (gee, what a concept, to tell the truth, or it even has to be said) studies combined with research within minimum dynamic areas;
  • Protect what native habitats remain by connecting them.

The North Cascades is a good example of connecting habitats, but soon we will lose that as well, if we do not pay attention, close attention.


Politics, wayward non-profits, hunter-trapper-government agency ignorant and bigot mind-sets, are all inclusive of what the enemy is today, and against wildlife and nature; therefore, we have problems with the concepts of a greater ecosystem, or connecting environmental landscapes to one another.

False perceptions, misguided information, and a vast amount of heavily populated groups (often larger is not better when it comes to larger groups and attempting to coordinate decisions from within them, and as one famous psychologist has portrayed large groups of people, “. . . the larger the group, the more stupid they get. . .”).

Keep in mind that the scientific definition of an ecosystem, the interrelationship between species and their environment, is scale-neutral. The setting, and actual decision-making complex, of specific ecosystem boundaries depends on the question being asked, the particular species present, and the natural disturbances in operation.

One of the problems with the wild horse ecosystem or viable habitat, is that ecosystems are not self-evident – often within the general public, confusion follows, and we have the situation of wild horses going to slaughter, and other very abusive situations in the matters of the wild horses on Public and Federal Lands – and their management. Yes, we see a lot of ignorance, that is for sure.

From the outset, one must make clear what is to be protected, and what is meant by “representative” natural disturbance patterns, ecosystem type of circumstance required, or home range, must be well defined . . . The BLM nor the Forestry, nor many non-profits, have made these evident, and thereby, the confusion. But worse, the door opens to very ignorant decisions (the WH&B Board simply resolving the wild horse problem via hatred, bigotry, and blatant ignorance – with their “. . . Let’s kill them all (i.e. the wild horses) attitude), made not by knowledge, but by the profit to be obtained, or the priority of special interests (which also equates to ignorance at a very definable level) – and lie upon lie follows. Research and field data becomes nothing more than the exception rather than the rule.

Biological corridors is the future for protecting biodiversity, and establishes priorities toward a conservation strategy that will become of great significance to both wildlife and human-kind as well. Ya know, the human species is not exempt, as many would like to assume, from self-destruction.

Many groups, and researchers and scientists alike, announce laws, design models, predict what an individual atom or person is supposed to do; and now, increasingly, those same people are beginning to admit, confess to one another that is, that the world never quite behaves the way it is supposed to do.

Yes, our Universe and Mother Nature a vast situation, that we are still trying to figure out. One thing is for sure, destroying it, and we figure out nothing, except what nature is like when we destroy parts of it, and our adapting to that — simply leads to more confusion about nature overall.

Cohabitating with nature may be as simplistic as just sitting down, shutting the hell up and stop forcing perspectives into others minds, and watch as our Universe unfolds, and tells us the truth – Our Universe, really, hides nothing from us, at all. We, indeed, try to hide from the truth of it all.

References upon request . . .

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Posted by on February 12, 2018 in Uncategorized


Wild Horses, BLM, and Public Lands Management: Where’s the Science?

I find what the BLM has to say, on their internet connections, interesting at best; although, not of any science nor rangelands management paradigms, nor ideologies to further either the enhancement of our ecological zones out there, or for that matter – of or for horses’ health. Let’s break the following statements down, and check for accuracy. . .

Keeping in mind the wild horses within States across the United States, are governed by the laws of the Wild Horse and Burro Act, and designated as part of the overall landscape of Public and Federal Lands. Yes, the HMA’s are simply originated by the BLM, via policy and statements placed within the WH&B Act were not Ratified what so ever by Congress. . . and not a part of the law, among other policy arrangements the BLM or Forestry have included, but never Ratified.  I find what the BLM has to say, on their internet connections, interesting. Let’s break the following statements down, and check for accuracy. . .

The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) boilerplate statement on all of their internet pages, shows a $75 billion supposed wind-fall amount beneficial to taxpayers, or what we are supposed to think anyway – until we search for confirmation, then yet another lie brought into light, and the travesty of their socio-economics steps into daylight, and we learn more of how the BLM scurs, tosses up in the air, and does their addition, certainly in an irregular or odd process, not of truth, but rather, of total fabrication.

“BLM Oregon/Washington manages 18 wild horse and burro herd management areas on nearly 3 million acres. The combined appropriate management level for all HMAs in the state is 2,715 animals.

Since 1971, the BLM has removed nearly 16,900 animals from public rangelands in Oregon as part of its efforts to maintain healthy horses and burros on healthy public rangelands. Animals removed from public rangelands are offered to the public for adoption; . . “

Since 1971, the BLM has removed nearly 16,900 animals from public rangelands in Oregon as part of its efforts to maintain healthy horses and burros on healthy public rangelands. Animals removed from public rangelands are offered to the public for adoption; . . .” – ( )

Corruption or Bad Management?

So, what we discover first, is that the entire state of Oregon, so they say, can only handle 2,715 wild horses. There is no science data to establish this particular AML. But there is science data to establish the needs for wild horses (as both seed carriers for grasslands, as well as ridding the high-deserts and lower valleys of grasses that remain simply fuel for fires).

Also, there is pertinent data that Paleontologist have stated clearly, the wild horse an indigenous species to the Northwest, and indeed was part of the browsers that did establish healthy ecological zones, which benefited the overall attributes of the Northwestern Environmental Landscape. Due to the AML not being attributable toward science, we wonder where they come up with the number 2,715 AML for the entire state? The effect of wild horses on Oregon Lands, for example:

  • Horse Grazing minimizes non-native plant growth
  • Horse Grazing reduces wildfire risk by decreasing flammable material on the land
  • Horse Grazing contributes to soil stabilization
  • Horse Grazing promotes grass tilling, plant reproduction, and healthy plant communities

The other significant issue myself and others do have, is the illegal roundup of wild horses (i.e. within previous articles we find 39 missing wild horses (within a two-month time period) from a bait and trap situation out of Murderer’s Creek, Oregon as well as several millions of dollars paid by taxpayers to the B&T contractors, fulfilled by Inventory sheets, then no longer in inventory just a few days later) –

We do find questionable the numbers, once again BLM numbers seem to strive toward more questionable conduct than their answers can provide for clarification, with no science to fulfill the roundups at all, and yet an over-abundant amount of cattle within the state tremendous, in 2016 for example 640,000 Cattle/Calf Crop Measured in Head (i.e. per USDA Statistics-by State) . . . The Oregon State AG Overview shows the cattle population (combined) in January 2017, to be 1,990,000, which does not include cattle leased onto Public Lands (which is illegal by the way i.e. sub-leasing federal lands). . .

The BLM believes when the number of wild horses’ go beyond 2,715 (from their AML which is not based on any science, data gathering, effect versus environmental situations, or any range management ideologies or paradigms what so ever) that there exist too many horses on Oregon’s “18 wild horse and burro herd management areas on nearly 3 million acres” . . .

So, we have 1,990,000 (i.e. again Jan. 2017 stats and does not include the illegal and corrupt market of sub-leasing of Public Lands to friends and out-of-state ranchers by the Welfare Ranching community) cattle in Oregon, and in accord with 2,715 (per AML at BLM) wild horses that are supposedly eating themselves out of their own health (???????? Although the photos of all of the wild horses gathered, they appear extremely healthy) . . .

I suggest there exist too many cattle, which destroys our Public Lands as well as Forestry Lands, and there are simply not enough wild horses on neither. The illegitimacy of the BLM’s AML of 2,715 wild horses only, and a means or excuse to round up several thousands more over the years, remains quite extraordinary, totally corrupt, and one has got to wonder, in particular the taxpayer public, just what in the hell is going on here. Is this a good example of what is going on over the entire Public Lands and Forestry Lands Environmental Landscape?


We do know, acknowledged through good science, good data gathering as well as simplistic observation, or as a Federal Court Judge caught BLM Justice Dept. and BLM Employees in lies about cattle versus wild horses (i.e. one of many good examples — Stanton vs U.S. Forestry, Murderer’s Creek, Oregon and request the Marine Sciences Agency to investigate, and found cattle destroying the streams and creeks in the area, and not the wild horses) showed that cattle alone remains responsible for millions of acres of environmental damage. Right now, when ecological zones are needed, and we need to enhance, and not destroy our environment, for even our own species to survive on this planet. . . We need science as well as good range management ethics and paradigms that enhance our ecology, not destroy for a whim or two that is centered around marginal profit base mind sets . . .

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Posted by on February 6, 2018 in Uncategorized


The Spirit Bear is Calling Us All — Saving The Spirit Bear


(Photos Not Mine)

The fact is, we, as humans, are doing tremendous damage to our Natural Environmental Landscapes.  Below, information about the Ghost Bear or Spirit Bear.  We have an opportunity, right now, to share and share again this information far and wide, to assist in saving not only this unique animal, but save an entire Ecological System, a Healthy Island among a lot of industry, to save.

A Documentary:

A good article:  Spirit Bears Are Calling Us — First Nations historic declaration to ban bear trophy hunt in the Great Bear Rainforest honors’ the spirit of late Nuxalk Chief Qwatsinas “Raven Spirit”

Thank you for sharing — the more quality knowledge people receive, the better chance we have of saving entire Ecological Systems within nature.

John Cox



Posted by on January 24, 2018 in Uncategorized


Wild Horses, Wolves, and Nature’s Dynamics

Years ago, my reading of such people as Aldo Leopold was quite limited. I read most of his writings, post-adaptation. In another word, he learned from error, just as we do so today. He had an open-enough mind to admit defeat, which many today simply do not; of which, his wiping out a wolf population, i.e. eradication, ultimately generated a thorough destruction of that same habitat where he worked, where he observed things of consequence, and where Mother Nature taught him facts he could not deny any longer.

Yes, within his process of wiping the wolves out, browsers (deer, Elk, and other game species) run foot loose and fancy free through the woods and mountains, to the point of eating one another out of food, and ruining the ecology of all the “island groups” that at one time, due to diversity and availability of predators (wolves, et al.) were quite healthy and experiencing growth. Growth stopped, human-caused drought followed, and those same forests and mountain range no longer supported healthy vegetation nor a healthy and diverse wildlife arena of ecological zone health. . .

Humans and Dynamics of Nature

Natural circumstances change, well, within a natural dynamic. Not so surprisingly, our human species rolled with those changes, but unfortunately, some grasped at those changes nature provided us, lessons of fact perhaps left unlearned; which, e.g. corporations viewed the changes as profit-margins of raw material made available to them for their special interests only, and to hell with everyone else.

Business as usual, the dollar profits often much more within short-term, and we see the falsehood of Economic Sustainability (even though un-needed), which ignored once again the necessity of priority in Ecological Zone Sustainability, or ubiquity of change, and due to this the necessity of perception to, in reality, change or to constantly adapt within nature, ignored in total.

The overall reasoning of adaptivity is to establish our Natural Systems as beneficial to humankind. This being a “Priority” as it is a fact this is where we all live, on this planet; thereby, we are all connected in one way or another, whether some accept this fact or not, the evidence quite clear, always.

Suddenly, and the paradox that exists here, is we often find ourselves, or our society, having to change, or adapt, to what may be referred to as our own erroneous adaptations, previously. But do we, as a society acknowledge the difference between a negative and a positive, or can we acknowledge within a beneficial outcome, the difference between group-acceptance of an ideology, or understand through evaluation the change within nature’s dynamics, must be adaptive toward those positive changes along side of nature, and not within a oppositional-disregard toward those changes. Oddly, it seems to be, rather, ignorance or just blatant hate most often in our decision making. And this is what we currently see within government interventions toward wolves, wild horses, et al. . . .

“So, understanding the “natural” relationship of humans to land,” (in this discussion, land also involves wildlife and the well-established and observed connection between both), “requires a dynamic view. . .” Aldo Leopold

Leopold learned within his experiment, or what some called his perceptions at that time and later changed or should we say he adapted, that he observed an ironic result. He viewed first hand, and over a short length of time and with his wolf removals (i.e. 1930’s), that some human activities not only change the local context in which those activities are undertaken, but can also set in motion changes that radiate outward, affecting larger and normally slow-changing systems at a much larger scale.

The term “Expect Change” was his motivator at that time, but unexpectedly, it was not the change he assumed would take place. He immediately recognized the kind of changes he observed within a wolf-free landscape (Islands or Ecological Zones) were much different than the limited effects of small groups of hunters-trappers-gatherers. Yes, a challenge was put before Leopold then, as similar challenges that face us currently. And recall the last article/blog I stated many of us felt Leopold did not go far enough, well, let’s look further into this situation. . .

“Evolutionary changes, however, are usually slow and local. Man’s invention of tools has enabled him to make changes of unprecedented violence, rapidity, and scope.” — Aldo Leopold, 1939, p 727

The problems then, as right now in our Nature’s Overall landscape, remains tremendous. Yes, the actions of small groups, lobby groups, or hunters, trappers, and corporations, all being separate but certainly entities Nature has got to deal with, ultimately effect entire landscapes. In another word, the problems of available larger systems of our Natural Environment, usually assumed to be relatively stable and could endure human presence, have become vulnerable to human actions – no matter how innocent or slight these human actions may appear out-rightly.

Sub-groups of small presentation to our environment, with their special interests or needs or circumstance, does have lasting effects to much larger systems within our overall landscape. We must be made aware of this situation, and express concern over the inability to many human’s who do not understand that not only “all is connected” (by the overall evidence we see constantly) as a Universal Truism, but indeed, our slightest endeavors when, also accumulative, does have an effect on our overall landscape of environmental difficulties.

The Dynamic of Human Impact

As we define, and redefine evidentiary and data gathering of the overall ecology, as well as sub-groups and “Islands” from the land mass within the United States, we find for certain, humans do have a serious impact on our natural systems within nature, as well as far exceed Leopold’s landscapes of the southwest.

We can surmise logically, via the term “spillover” and from Leopold’s supposedly “successful” wolf eradication program (and later even he deducted his actions indeed a failure, whereas new concepts had to adjust for those same failures) what he found was that, “…while killing a few wolves would have little effect on larger systems, extirpating the top predators set in motion cascading changes, that began to accelerate changes in normally slow-changing, environmental systems (Eisenberg, 2011).”

Did we learn from these circumstances, happenings and research from decades ago, and repeated just about every other decade, and the same evidentiary data developed time after time, looking at us square in the face? No, we have not, and now other wildlife groups are in danger of extinction (wild horses versus government intrusion – elephants versus trophy hunters – wolves and wild horses versus rancher’s overpopulations of cattle i.e. greed – cougars versus human’s infringement upon wilderness areas, and the list goes on) not so ironic, and due to the slow-movement of change from larger Ecological Systems.

As Leopold found, and what has triggered response over the decades of similar activity, was that his program to remove wolves was so extreme that it did not resolve within a reasonable evolutionary process. Due to the extreme change within that particular environment, populations of deer, and Elk, and a robust of smaller-critter populations exploded – due to no predation available within that ecological system. We see the same effects in Idaho, and In Eastern Oregon, where deer and Elk run amuck, wreaking havoc with farmers crops, as well as woodlands, and forests where the trees are devastated and die within higher altitudes.

When I traveled to Eastern Oregon, as well as crossing the boarder into Idaho, I seen, without a doubt, browsers starting to eat themselves out of several habitats, or ecological zones. Obvious as well, the once very healthy “Islands” deep within three or four natural wilderness areas, due to the hatred and killing of wolves and cougars alike, the landscape was quickly approaching a landscape one would consider moon-like – signs of over-browse dominated the landscapes entirely.

Leopold learned, way back when, that his experimental spirit must be also accompanied by a measure of humility and he came to regret the violence and irreversibility of his wolf-removal experiment.

“Remember,” my mother would tell me, “it takes a good man to admit his mistakes, while a weaker man will go through his life wasting time, trying to persuade others his errors were right and not wrong, despite the obvious.”

Human and Land-Mass “Island” Contact

It is time for humans to leave their comfort zone of just enjoying nature, and start to understand the reality, the background so to speak, of what it is within the beauty they observe. When we speak of Wild Horses enhancing an ecological zone, or “Islands” where they roam — it is not just by foolish whim, but rather an accumulation of what Ecologists and Paleontologists, among others, have found over centuries of research, observation, and well referenced history, that tells us the truth. It is about how economics is not the only ruling situation that requires sustainability, but rather a secondary situation that, indeed, merely thrives on the raw-materials that those who use those raw materials destroy, then move onward to destroy other healthy “Islands” of wilderness, then to another, then another yet, and on it goes…

It is time that we, as humans, must understand there remains a more inclusive and intricate picture of how ecology and human activities play out within a much larger scale, and then with hope, understood. Ignorance becomes no excuse when one stands in a field that looks like a lunar surface.

So, is it just Wild Horses, and rancher’s claims (unproven, yet they remain claiming the destructiveness of wild horses being dreadful – no, there exists no evidence at all, and when they attempted to bring-fourth evidence in Federal Court they lost their case, due to “falsifying information” (judges’ comments not mine – and that is fact), or what many refer to as lies, in order for wild horse herd roundups to even exist? Or the wolves, and all the hatred toward them driven by deer and elk hunters, who also do not have any evidentiary exhibits, other than ignorance and hate, that show beyond a doubt that wolves are not needed, and simply destructive? No evidence, but more history of such. But indeed, we can show the necessity of all predators, in assisting to establish Healthy “Islands” or ecological zones that thrive, for things presently – healthy trees, healthy wildlife populations, healthy streams, healthy fisheries –


Oddly, Leopold discussed the pattern of overpopulation following Predator removal, as one of several instances of damage to ecological systems in more scientific terms and within his essay, titled “A Biotic View of Land” (Leopold, 1939). Interestingly, this is an essay that the rancher’s, hunters, trappers, of others of that ilk do not want the public to know it even exists. These same small groups, mostly hate groups stirred by animosity, remain familiar with only the wolf-eradication program that Leopold started – but ultimately changed his entire perspective of what promoted a healthy Ecology, and thus presenting a healthy, and much larger scale, overall Environment.

If you leave this short essay with only one perspective, I hope it to be that change within our environments are a good thing. But remember, that a healthy Ecological System (system or process is essential to understand here) is developed by a well-diversified and healthy chain of components, that consistent of – Wild Horses, Wolves, Cougars, Bears, small critters and healthy creeks, streams, and rivers, with plenty of biotic life, Beavers, Otters, and the entire realm of vegetation and tree stands, among many other components as well…


Posted by on January 23, 2018 in Uncategorized


Wild Horses and Sustainability

Sustainability: The ability to be maintained at a certain rate or level; or, Avoidance of the depletion of natural resources in order to maintain an ecological balance.

Let’s, together right now, separate the confusion between ideologies, directly related toward sustainability of Americas Wild Horses! Due to these differences and among so much confusion on what exactly sustainability is, and what it is not – Oh yes, need we not forget and among all of the confusion these days, government employee ignorance compounded with their lies and outright corrupt behaviors – from Bureau of Land Management mostly, with Oversight from the Department of the Interior, overwhelms America’s Wild Horses on America’s Public Lands and Forestry Lands.

The reality of their ignorance? Wild Horses Die! But not just die, but die throughout a morbid, abusive death at slaughter plants. The horse’s throats ripped out, or cut open by a knife, or beat in the head with a hammer until unconscious, then gutted when still alive. . .

And yet, this information is not unknown to those government employees who support, or take part in stealing wild horses for slaughter, mostly by creating horse counts that are biologically impossible for mother nature to create naturally (bogus statistics and dishonest research shadow all of their efforts throughout their corruption). It does not matter how they smile when talking to the general public. The reality? They know nothing of horses in general, and know even less about Wild Horses – America’s Wild Horses.

To write this one has to enter into a gloomy realm of darkness, which is the domain of falsified wild horse herd counts. We see firstly, the wild horse counts done by Bureau of Land Management employees to be, very often and as stated above, biological impossibilities. Exaggeration of a type where, in reality, abusive behavior and harm does come to the wild horses – through what we can term sociopathic behaviors. Yes, they know what happens to the horses when sent to slaughter, make no doubt they know, and simply do not give a damn what so ever.

Also forgotten is the legal aspects of what they do, daily – corruption of falsification laws, corruption of laws that protect the public from government lies and fraud, and basically do not manage the wild horses at a level of knowledgeable professionalism at all. Corruption is exactly the name of their behavior – disgustingly, for nothing more than pocket change and special interests.

The horses lose, and sustainable wild horse herds are obviously planned toward “Extinction” and within the coming decade, contrary to Law. And by the way, for no reason other than short-term monetary profits for all involved – most often from taxpayer money and corrupt subsidy programs or grants provided by our government.

Sustainability Organization and Perspective

Let’s just agree from the outset, there are so many different oriented perspectives within the matters of sustainability, one can become confused as to just why there exist so many. We have one Earth, with our unique environment that separates our planet from so many others within our solar system.

Many of us also understand the simple facts of an All-Is-Connected mind set, and with this we can understand further, that simplicity can lead to such intricate detail, abound with such a complexity in process, that it becomes far easier to give up, rather than dwell within our landscape upon this planet for any amount of time; thereby, many people simply follow large special interest groups, rather than deduct for themselves the environmental circumstances that do exist.

The problem here? Special interest groups (along with government agencies as well) that say they do the research — but in reality, do not. This situation equates to the worst type of ignorance. Most people will just agree with the information that sounds the best, comparable to comfort-food is comfort (false) facts, which in truth is nothing more than to participate within the ignorance, and have no idea about the realities, and often wonder why nothing has changed over the past decade.

Understanding Sustainability and Nature

Aldo Leopold understood this hierarchical organization of our overall environment, along with all of its complexity. He understood not just the natural systems existing throughout his time but the impact of humans on them, and severe potential destruction in the future inevitable.

We can peruse his more significant writing of “Think Like a Mountain”, and realize that managing a species population on the mountain (i.e. ecological zones) requires a systematic approach, rather than guesswork, or narrow perceptions that include special interests, or even economic interests. Many of us agree, Leopold did not go far enough, and it is now up to us to go further.

Only then we can also understand the complex nature of the subsystems he spoke of – i.e. deer, wolves, and hunters etc., and when manipulated for human purposes, (in this example by removing the wolves entirely – which we can define parallels with our nations Wild Horses, due to the blatant ignorance of hatred toward both species, that some human’s do maintain, falsely, as their perception of true sustainability or their brand of (fake) conservationism) would alter those corresponding ecological systems drastically, if not destroy them entirely.

Ignorant human involvement within nature, can devastate our planet, make no doubt as those of us in the field see it daily now – even more so than nuclear bombs, and far more dangerous than our perception of nuclear war, which would probably never happen – Perception compounded with commercialized manipulation is quite extraordinary at times, is it not? Ignorance can be far worse than any war, and profoundly justice never accomplished to fix the corruption.

This develops into an awkward situation, that when set in motion cause significant changes to our overall environment. And human’s, well, we simply want to ignore what has developed, despite the destruction, and move on to our self-indulgence or special interests – in this case hunting for deer, or Elk, or the commercial and industrialized cattle production of beef (even though we see a 34% to 36% amount of beef products thrown-away (i.e. USDA Statistics 2000 to 2016) wasted or thrown out for non-sales at markets yearly, and the hell with any other wildlife. . . A corrupt industry in total, similar to many others that use our natural resources or ecological systems, to produce their saleable products, in such mass commodities. . .

Within this discussion a profound economic sustainability ideology does exist; but, up to this point in history, time has shown this particular wayward ideology very destructive, indeed.

We can go to other circumstances, especially within the cattle industry, which provides us with   reasoning as to why so much ignorant-styled hatred toward wolves and wild horses does exist. A good example is how our government, to be precise the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), portrays our nation’s Public Lands mass and acreage, as all of it being pristine, or useable.

This is an untruth. There exist small areas, or ecological systems that are useable, but mostly shared by many species. It is this sharing of these lands, by a diversity of species (Yellowstone for example and proven by much of the research over the past four-decades, that shows this very well indeed; or, the Great Plains, that shows us diversity up to three-decades ago, then the devastation and destruction, by cattle mostly) that provided the enhancement of the overall ecological system to work beneficially.

Research also shows that the amounts of Public Lands is exaggerated (covered in my previous writings). This becomes devastating when we see cattle ranchers fight over Public Lands and Forestry Lands, to place their cattle upon (cattle destroys ecological systems and overall environmental habitats, robustly proven over decades of research), and since government agencies acreage-counts exaggerated (also proven by sound research, with so many conflicting statistics between USDA/Forestry as well as BLM or USGS for that matter, among others), then the fight for useable Public Lands / Forestry Lands, and land mass itself, becomes of paramount significance to us all, especially within a sustainability context.

These useable ecologically healthy land-masses, that also include diversity in wildlife and vegetation, are called “Islands”, for research purposes. This distinguishes unusable land-mass from useable, or over-used land-mass in a real-time data gathering sequence of attributes and study. Using this methodology, we can now distinguish the false representation of land-mass, with a truer perspective of how we treat and use our functional land-mass – and I must say it is not a pretty picture what so ever. – John Cox, Cascade Journal

Now we can begin to see how Leopold, in “Marshland Elegy” and the way he used, or constructed his multiscale critique of his Wolf Policy, in “Thinking Like A Mountain,” is so important, but still did not go far enough to protect sound Ecological Zones from economic reasoning, or disastrous mind-sets, from several very destructive commercialized situations (cattle, oil, mining, pipelines, exploratory drilling for gas, et al.).

One can also make a good point in the fact of negative sustainability, especially within the economic standard of false ideology of the term sustainability and within the aforementioned industries. Frankly, one can replace their economic ideology, or perceptions, of sustainability with more unstable principles of conduct, or negative virtues of reality – which dictate using the lands aggressively to sustain the current population, until unuseful, then leave it for the future generations to deal with the overall burden, and on their time, not ours.

None the less, we deal with ignorance. Why do I say this? Because we can reflect back into a past that remains abundant with information. This information shows us, beyond any doubt at all, whether it be hierarchical models, or simply multiscale models, that prove humans pay attention to only short-term profits (i.e. short-term land use, or aggressive ecological devastation and then move onward to another healthy ecological-zone (Island) to devastate short-term) . . .

Thereby, the problem in real time, becomes that of these same driving variables of destruction, and in a system of economic gain, can and does undermine these ecological systems, and sadly, within an ignorant context, wildlife species driven toward extinction; which, overall contributes to the system’s ability to not continue to provide those outputs, and actually undermine those dynamics that function at a much larger scale.

Sustainability and Positive Approach

Here is where we can take Aldo Leopold’s reasoning to a protohierarchy theory. This is where it gets interesting, as one does not want to aspire toward a juggling-act. We find that politics eventually takes over any type of superficial context based upon falsehoods or self-oriented special interests. We see a lot of this within horse advocacy groups (and government agencies alike, as currently neither is that far apart in the matters of bogus information and spreading it to the public at large), where analysis based upon false-hoods, or corruption taken as a truth, becomes simply yet another superficial layer that can essentially be tossed upon the already immense garbage-pile of other ignorance portrayed as reality.

So we can dig-up truth, despite so much garbage, through quality process dynamics, for example:

  • Systems embedded within one another, given the smaller sub-systems are expected to change quicker than the larger systems that they are composed, to maintain the space-time relationship complex all the while sustaining the dynamics of the entirety, or the whole system as being dynamic, enhancing both the ecological system as well as the diversity of species that contribute; 


  • All observation as well as research, be confined with information from these sub-systems only, assumptive toward the aggressive dynamic that enhance, rather than hinder, the complex of the relationships favoring sustainability and longevity of the overall dynamic in its entirety. No appeals are made toward any other perspective of ideological enhancement of what sustainability is or is not; whereas, special interests remain uninvolved and prohibited.


Within the two points made here, from experience many of us can perceive an infinite amount of systems that can be used, where sound and quality research is provided, then becomes a priority toward management, despite what level the system or ecological zone for that matter. Here we can provide the human elements with natural elements judiciously and without special interests or government intrusive and wayward corruption having the ability to take over and destroy further, these lands (or Islands) upon which the taxpayers and public, i.e. American’s Own. We can also expect more from the laws that already exist, yet ignored by those government entities that are, indeed, paid to uphold those same laws they ignore.

The situation here is to have the ability to develop models that arrange many dynamics, that can come together, that actually drive this system into positive areas of understanding; whereas, this allows those involved to parse problems onto the systems, and systems onto problematic areas, or zones, in helpful ways – when compared to the current, and destructive, economic ideologies of fake or false sustainability perceptions – and those that attempt to work within those false perceptions, which equate to no change or no positive situations to develop toward land-mass or ecological-zone improvements. . .


Posted by on January 21, 2018 in Uncategorized


Extinction is Human Caused — It is not a Natural-Occurrence of our times as ignorance dictates

Species extinction facts

122,090 Number of species gone extinct So far this year 1

This is not a natural occurrence, as the broken systems of game management, oil production, agriculture, and cattle industry would like all of the American taxpayers to believe. No

“Here are some quick “species extinction… facts”… and it’s not encouraging reading. Species are becoming extinct faster now than at any point in modern history.

Top 5 facts about species gone extinct

Species are disappearing

We don’t know exactly how many species go extinct every year but it could be 100,000 – about 1 every 5 minutes.

…And fast !

The current rate of extinction is up to 10,000 times higher than the average historical extinction rates. We, the humans, are almost wholly responsible for this increase.

It’s getting worse

The worsening and loss of biodiversity are projected to continue, and even accelerate. Direct human activity and climate change is the cause of this – for example through the destruction of forests and coral reefs.

Possible mass extinction

There is a wide belief that a “mass extinction” is underway. Some predict that half of all living species could be gone within 100 years.

Who are they?

Within the next 15 to 40 years it is likely that the following animals will become extinct: polar bear, chimpanzee, elephant, snow leopard, tiger, mountain gorilla, orangutan, giant panda, rhino, and the koala bear. Unfortunately, these are just a few of many…”

What is Extinction

  1. An endangered species is one whose numbers are so small that it is at risk of extinction.
  2. A species is defined as endangered or threatened when it is suffers from these factors: damage to its habitat for recreational, or entertainment purposes; disease or predation of the species; and hazards to the continued life of the species.
  3. A species is declared extinct after many years of not being spotted. Because it takes so long to define an entire species as extinct, it is probable that there are many species already gone that we are unaware of.
  4. Rangers are on the frontlines of conservation to protect some of the world’s most endangered species like tigers, elephants and rhinos. Send thank-you cards to those who protect endangered species. Sign up for Wildlife Cards!
  5. Extinction is a natural phenomenon, it occurs at a natural “background” rate of about one to five species per year. Scientists estimate we’re now losing species at 1,000 to 10,000 times the “background” rate, with dozens going extinct every day.
  6. As many as 30 to 50 percent of all species are possibly heading toward extinction by mid-century.
  7. 99% of currently threatened species are at risk from human activities, primarily those driving habitat loss, introduction of exotic species, and global warming
  8. The Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA) protects registered endangered species by removing them from the “take” list, which makes it unlawful for a person to shoot, harm, capture, trap, or attempt any such actions to the species.
  9. Ultimately, the ESA strives to recover species from the endangered list by restoring their ecological health until they no longer need protection.
  10. The World Wildlife Organization focuses on saving certain species that help sustain other species. They protect wildlife such as pandas, whales, rhinos, marine turtles, primates, polar bears, and big cats.
  11. Freshwater ecosystems are home to more than 100,000 known species of plants and animals, and are now one of the most endangered habitats in the world as a result of human development, pollution, and climate change.

Understanding Extinction

Just to illustrate the degree of biodiversity loss we’re facing, let’s take you through one scientific analysis… The rapid loss of species we are seeing today is estimated by experts to be between 1,000 and 10,000 times higher than the natural extinction rate.*

These experts calculate that between 0.01 and 0.1% of all species will become extinct each year.

If the low estimate of the number of species out there is true – i.e. that there are around 2 million different species on our planet** – then that means between 200 and 2,000 extinctions occur every year.

But if the upper estimate of species numbers is true – that there are 100 million different species co-existing with us on our planet – then between 10,000 and 100,000 species are becoming extinct each year.

Unlike the mass extinction events of geological history, the current extinction challenge is one for which a single species – ours – appears to be almost wholly responsible.

This is often referred to as the 6th extinction crisis, after the 5 known extinction waves in geological history. So without arguing about who’s right or wrong; Or, what the exact numbers are. There can be little debate that there is, in fact, a very serious biodiversity crisis.


We are at a point in history where the Human-Species should start to question, and demand good science, good research based on non-negotiable and well refenced facts (no personal agendas, political agendas, nor special interests need apply here, as it is uncooperative corporations as well as government agencies that remain causing these problems). . .

Rather than follow corrupt empires of special interests, and profound agendas with no Environmental Assessments, or disregard the laws put into place to protect our environmental landscapes and wildlife ecology, strengthen the laws in place, and regulate and manage our interests with diversity and “all is connected on this earth of ours” mind-sets.

We must get along! How simple of a resolution is this? We must stop assuming corrupt corporations and government agencies are worthy of respect, when they indeed are not what so ever! Corruption is corrupt, and those that follow the corruption are just as bad as the corrupt.

Our environmental as well as our wildlife management systems are broken – entirely!


  3. Wildscreen Arkive. “Endangered species.” Wildscreen. Web Accessed March 20, 2015.
  4. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Endangered Species Program. “Listing a Species as Threatened or Endangered: Section 4 of the Endangered Species Act” 2015. Web Accessed March 20, 2015.
  5. Engber, Daniel. “When can you say an animal is extinct?” Slate Magazine, 2005. Web Accessed March 20, 2015.
  6. Center for Biological Diversity. “The Extinction Crisis.” Web Accessed March 20, 2015.
  7. Center for Biological Diversity. “The Extinction Crisis.” Web Accessed March 20, 2015.
  8. Center for Biological Diversity. “The Extinction Crisis” Web Accessed March 20, 2015.
  9. Davison, Steven G. “Alteration Of Wildlife Habitat As A Prohibited Taking Under The Endangered Species Act.” The Florida State University College of Law. Web Accessed March 20, 2015.
  10. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service and National Marine Fisheries Service . “Endangered Species Consultation Handbook.” 1998. Web Accessed March 20, 2015.
  11. World Wildlife Fund. “About Us.” Web Accessed March 20, 2015.
  12. World Wildlife Fund. “Habitats: Freshwaters.” Web Accessed March 20, 2015.


Posted by on December 9, 2017 in Uncategorized