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Monthly Archives: March 2019

Wild Horses Back to Our Lands in America — ReEstablish / ReWild — No Human Encumbrance

Let’s discuss more about the science and intricacy, of placing wild horses back onto our Public and Federal Lands – and at the same time increase our wildlife habitats, increase the quality of ecological habitats and Ecology Islands, increase the quality of Our Nation’s water supply, increase Our Nations grasslands (only a mere 18% left of the very basic Grains and other vegetation that was the foundation of America’s food-chain for two-Plus-Centuries), rid Our public and federal lands of pollutants, radioactivity in the soil and beef/sheep meat supply, as well as other dangerous chemicals from the current industrial boom now ongoing on Our lands, and all around increase Our Nations Environmental Complex. . . for the better.

Population Density

Science begins with very basic principles, and in this case Population Density is nothing more than a Space-Available context and to obtain good results, or improvements to our Public and Federal Lands.  Quite frankly, none of the important situations within the context of placing wild horses back onto Our Public and Federal Lands (and leave the wild horses’ already there, on the range) does not include any drama what so ever. . .

Often drama is imposed by those who are supportive of such situations as BLM lies and misinformation (for example, we see advocates sharing office space with BLM, their mission too merely start problems within advocacy, if allowed), or monetary situations, and support BLM / Forestry, pesticides and other birth control situations, and experiments upon our wild horses – money involved in all of the drama opposing the placement of wild horses back onto Our Nation’s Lands – FACT and insurmountable evidence to show this in total, as a specific truth.

“The federal government owns about 640 million acres of land in the United States, about 28% of the total land area of 2.27 billion acres. The majority of federal lands (610.1 million acres in 2015) are administered by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), National Park Service (NPS), or U.S. Forest Service (FS). BLM, FWS, and NPS are part of the U.S. Department of the Interior, while the Forest Service is part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. An additional 11.4 million acres of land (about 2% of all federal land) is owned by the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD). The majority of federal lands are located in Alaska and the Western states.” – See references section

There exists more than enough room, upon the Multi-Purpose Lands we, as taxpayer’s own, ultimately.  We can essentially move on to environmental conditions.  Density Factors, independent from normal environmental factors, yet directly affect population density, which are situational, floods, droughts, volcanic habitats, and any other cataphoric-situation that has the potential of short-term or long-term effects upon populations such as wild horses, the wolves, cougars, or mid-range wildlife as well . . .

Population Cycles

Within any Ecological Habitat, it is the environmental factor that constrain the population, in combination with the density-independent factor; which, interesting enough, sets an upper limit on population size.  These components also all inclusive of why so many advocates are against the wreckless Human-Infringement and the use of breed controls upon wildlife, as nature takes care of the situation quite well enough, and infringement, truthfully, unneeded – i.e. birth controls and roundups.

The human-problem is simply of erroneous perception of nature, if admitted or not, as well as bias, ignorance, and an odd realm of bigotry, and of nothing more than, they are right and everyone else wrong.  No one ever admits they are a bigot; and thereby, the human problem increases exponentially over time . . . We endeavor to neutralize this type of human-problem, through quality management, and decision-making mandatory upon science, good data, and rendering of quality hypothesis.

Keep in mind, as science shows us consistently, it is the population-size that also effects the rate of growth of the population, and by the addition or removal of density-dependent factors.  We can use science here, and deduct a sincere and reasonable abstract of knowledge; whereas, one species can be defined within several segments of population density, and within area proximity.

As Wild Horse Advocates, we simply need to stop acting like a cluster of wild coyotes after the same piece of road-kill, and start organizing to get the Wild Horses; ether to,

1. “Remain” on Our Lands in America, and “Place-Back” Our Wild Horses, onto Our Lands, and manage them properly under scientific reasoning; and

2. Refrain from the twisted and disenfranchised term of Humane and the use of breed controls, roundups, or slaughter mind-sets, that are nothing more than ignorance and simply do not work at all, within any “Humane” perspective.

A wild horse band, for example, can survive quite well in the eastern areas of Washington State, or in Central or Eastern Oregon as well, and the population, as long as it is left alone separated from human-problems and egos, and as long as diversity of wildlife combined with a terrestrial diversity of shrubs, grasses, et al., and within a healthy Ecology, then moderation of population takes place within a natural occurrence – Population Density situations take hold as well.

Cross-species factors are involved also.  This is where the addition of removal or addition of population-density factors can transform an ecological system that can, and as science shows us quite well, does in many ecology islands, and establishes a new equilibrium factor.

Now, with this said, and clear in our minds, we then take this a step further.  Every species has critical density-dependent factors, wild horses are not exempt.  Again, as science shows us, if one of these factors removed – through environmental change, for example, or even experimental manipulations, or breed controls, etc., the population begins to grow until a new density-dependent factor kicks-in.

And yes, due to the reality of scientific research, we find that the BLM / Forestry interference with the wild horses (coyotes experience this same shift in population densities, when interruption exist in populations, the populations simply increase, naturally) seem to be more of a manipulation, or an ignorantly based situation for promotion of problems that simply do not exist, or job security for a large government agency, to keep doing things that prohibit “Moderation” of wild horse populations, and increase population.

We can truthfully state, scientifically and beyond all doubt, the things that the Bureau of Land Management does do, within their wild horse management paradigms, as well as the USDA Forestry, and due to their lack of knowledgeable science as well as lack of biological knowledge, moderation of the wild horses on Our Federal Lands simply “cannot exist” – then add the breed control paradigms, and it increases, again, exponentially – the wild horses simply have no chance, and extinction eminent.

Conclusion

The re-establishment of wild horses, as well as other wildlife, within Washington, Oregon, Idaho, California and other Western 11 States, becomes a point of wildlife and terrestrial Diversity.  Within this diversity we can use the data and survivorship curves, in research, to track trends and to understand the dynamics of a given population.

This is far superior to what we have now, the Single-Species Paradigm = Cattle, which is merely guess-work, and a proven very arrogant/ignorant methodology of Public and Federal Lands management – as we see in several very destructive situations now existing on Our Lands in America.  We also see a time when the Beef and Sheep meat products will be too polluted for Public Consumption, and it is not that far off.  Once again, it is science that shows us this quite clearly now.  The industrialized Multi-Purpose Lands Management theories, unproven by quality-science as well, simply is not working, and is very destructive to our lands.

Once again, we also get into the Strategic elements of re-establishing species upon Our Lands, in America, within a positive framework, and observation playing a major roll in data gathering and regulatory compliance – compared to the willy-nilly situation of No-Compliance on our lands in America, currently.

Big problem, as pointed out above . . . Corruption, irresponsible conduct by government employees, as well as bad nonscientific management paradigms, based on special interests only, and America, we have a problem – But yes America, we have an answer to the problems up and coming, make no doubt.

Research and Written by — John Cox, Cascades

REFERENCES

Paul Rodgers, United States Constitutional Law: An Introduction (2011), p. 100-101.

Gibson v. Chouteau, 80 U.S. 92, 99 (1872), U.S. v. Grimaud, 220 U.S. 506 (1911), Light v. U.S. 220 U.S. 523 (1911), Utah Power & Light Co. v. U.S., 243 U.S. 389, 405 (1917), Ashwander v. Tennessee Valley Authority, 297 U.S. 288, 336 (1936).

Lipton, Eric, and Clifford Krauss, Giving Reins to the States Over Drilling, New York Times, August 24, 2012.

Carol Hardy Vincent, Carla N. Argueta, & Laura A. Hanson, Federal Land Ownership: Overview and Data, Congress Research Service (March 3, 2017).

Kleppe v. New Mexico, 426 U.S. 529 (1976).

Tom Fredericks & Andrea Aseff, When Did Congress Deem Indian Lands Public Lands?: The Problem of BLM Exercising Oil and Gas Regulatory Jurisdiction, 33 Energy Law Journal 119 (2012).

“Trust Land” in Treaties with American Indians: An Encyclopedia of Rights, Conflicts, and Sovereignty (ed. Donald L. Fixico: ABC-CLIO, 2008), p. 956.

Allen, L. , Engeman, R. , and Krupa, H. (1996). Evaluation of three relative abundance indices for assessing dingo populations. Wildlife Research 23, 197–206.

Bayne, P. , Harden, B. , Pines, K. , and Taylor, U. (2000). Controlling feral goats by shooting from a helicopter with and without the assistance of ground-based spotters. Wildlife Research 27, 517–523.

Boonstra, R. , Krebs, C. J. , Boutin, S. , and Eade, J. M. (1994). Finding mammals using far-infrared thermal imaging. Journal of Mammalogy 75, 1063–1068.

Bull, E. L. , Holthausen, R. S. , and Bright, L. R. (1992). Comparison of 3 techniques to monitor marten. Wildlife Society Bulletin 20, 406–410.

Caley, P. A. , and Morley, C. G. (2002). Assessing growth rates of European rabbit populations using spotlight transect counts. Journal of Wildlife Management 66, 131–137.

Caughley G. (1977). ‘Analysis of Vertebrate Populations.’ (John Wiley and Sons: New York.)

Davis D. E. (1982). ‘CRC Handbook of Census Methods for Terrestrial Vertebrates.’ (CRC Press Inc.: Boca Raton, FL.)

Dodd, M. G. , and Murphy, T. M. (1995). Accuracy and precision of techniques for counting great blue heron nests. Journal of Wildlife Management 59, 667–673.

Edwards, G. P. , dePreu, N. D. , Shakeshaft, B. J. , and Crealy, I. V. (2000). An evaluation of two methods of assessing feral cat and dingo abundance in central Australia. Wildlife Research 27, 143–149.

Elbert, J. E. , Kost, C. D. , Rasmussen, R. L. , Johnson, D. L. , and Jenks, J. A. (1999). Lipophilic MRI contrast agents as potential markers for carnivore population studies. Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Sciences 78, 109–114.

Engeman, R. M. , and Allen, L. (2000). Overview of a passive tracking index for monitoring wild canids and associated species. Integrated Pest Management Reviews 5, 197–203.

Engeman R. M., and Witmer G. W. (2000). IPM strategies: indexing difficult to monitor populations of pest species. In ‘Proceedings of the 19th Vertebrate Pest Conference’. (Eds T. P. Salmon and A. C. Crabb.) pp. 183–189. (University of California: Davis, CA.)

Foran, D. R. , Minta, S. C. , and Heinemeyer, K. S. (1997). DNA-based analysis of hair to identify species and individuals for population research and monitoring. Wildlife Society Bulletin 25, 84–0847.

Glen, A. S. , and Dickman, C. R. (2003). Monitoring bait removal in vertebrate pest control: a comparison using track identification and remote photography. Wildlife Research 30, 29–33.

Lancia R. A., Nichols J. D., and Pollock K. H. (1994). Estimating the number of animals in wildlife populations. In ‘Research and Management Techniques for Wildlife and Habitats’. (Ed. T. A. Bookhout.) pp. 215–253. (The Wildlife Society: Bethesda, MD.)

Litvaitis, M. K. , and Litvaitis, J. A. (1996). Using mitochondrial DNA to inventory the distribution of remnant populations of New England cottontails. Wildlife Society Bulletin 24, 725–730

Poole, D. W. , Cowan, D. P. , and Smith, G. C. (2003). Developing a census method based on sight counts to estimate rabbit numbers. Wildlife Research 30, 487–493.

Quy, R. J. , Cowan, D. P. , and Swinney, T. (1993). Tracking as an activity index to measure gross changes in Norway rat populations. Wildlife Society Bulletin 21, 122–127.

Schneider B. A. (1982). ‘Pesticide Assessment Guidelines.’ (US Environmental Protection Agency: Washington, DC.)

Schwartz, C. J. , and Seber, G. A. F. (1999). Estimating animal abundance: review III. Statistical Science 14, 427–456.

Seber G. A. F. (1982). ‘The Estimation of Animal Abundance.’ 2nd edn. (MacMillan Publishing Company Inc.: New York.)

Seber, G. A. F. (1986). A review of estimating animal abundance. Biometrics 42, 267–292.

Seber, G. A. F. (1992). A review of estimating animal abundance. II. International Statistical Review – Revue Internationale de Statistique 60, 129–166.

Thompson, J. A. , and Fleming, P. J. (1994). Evaluation of the efficacy of 1080 poisoning of red foxes using visitation to non-toxic baits as an index of fox abundance. Wildlife Research 21, 27–39.

Thompson W. L., White G. C., and Gowan C. (1998). ‘Monitoring Vertebrate Populations.’ (Academic Press Inc.: New York.)

Tracey, J. P. , Fleming, P. J. , and Melville, G. J. (2005). Does variable probability of detection compromise the use of indices in aerial surveys of medium-sized mammals? Wildlife Research 32, 245–252.

 
 

How Truth Gets in The Way of Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Science Lies and Misinformation & $-Billions wasted at BLM

The Bureau of Land Management employees tell us, Taxpayer’s et al., about their Wild Horse Herd Counts, and they state an over-population of Wild Horses’ out there, rampaging over Our Public and Federal Lands, and just destroying everything in sight.  They also state they are starving, or worse, and they eat the range out of everything available, and directly compete with the food sources on the range, with cattle and sheep and many other wildlife.

Let’s take a look at this already proven lie, on many different levels, of wild horse over-population.  First we look at those who agree with the BLM, and understand a $-profit-base is at hand, and they are formidable liars as well, or just go along with what the BLM states as a Socioeconomic (Federal Court will neither accept as evidence nor fact. . . Reno, NV Cirsuit ) truism, rather than any factual truth, and never backed by any data, science, statistics’, nor data gathered, perused and summarized; thereby, No Evidence = No Facts.

Water – Cows versus Horse + – 3%

SEASON COW :  HORSE HORSE COW
Cold Day Range 9-36 : 1 8 – 14 gals. Per day 144 — 216 gals. Per day
Warm Range 90+ 59-82 : 1 8 — 14 gals. per day 288 — 452 gals. Per day
Cold Range BLM Est. 30 : 1  False 8 – 14 gals. Per day 480 – 720 gals. Per day
Warm Range 90+ BLM Est. 30 : 1  False 8 – 14 gals. Per day 960 – 1,400 gals. Per day

(Notes) (1) No Cows allowed Winter Range, between October 15 yearly to April 15 on average, but BLM (i.e. nor Forestry) does not pay attention to regulating nor managing Welfare Ranchers and assuring their cows off of Winter Range – then in Spring, the Wild Horses blamed for the winter-range damage from cattle . . . (2) A bull weighs, on average, 2,400 pounds, whereas a cow weighs around 1,600 pounds. If you use the standard 30:1 cattle (BLM false ratio, as we see minimally increased by 50%) versus horse statistic provided by the BLM, that number ranges from cattle’s 480-720 gallons (cold – 16 to 23 gals per cow per day / warm 32 to 48 gals per cow per day = variable according to weight) of water on a cold day, or cattle’s 960-1,440 gallons of water on a warm day, per day versus the Wild Horse intake of 8-14 gallons – which we discover is consistent…

Forage – Cows versus Horses + – 2%

Forage Grazing Times Cow Horse
Per 12 Hour days app. 130 lbs per day 20 – 25 lbs per day
All Grasses/All Day Mostly Anything Very Selective
Fire Hazards Stationary = result = Cheat Grass Fire Hazard Eat then Roams =

No Fire Hazard at all

Accord. BLM Stats 30 : 1 Ratio 3,900 lbs. 25 lbs.

(Notes) the horses are being blamed for the damage that is done by private cattle herds. These private cattle ranchers are knowingly overgrazing their herds on federal lands. The BLM is allowing the cattle to overgraze and continue to allow the increase of the number of cattle while, at the same time, continue to lowering grazing fees.

Population Dynamics and Cycles

What we find is the BLM very inaccurate in the matter of their Wild Horse Herds/Bands, and an extreme variance within their counts and reality or the actual population, that truly exits.  Apparently, they have been allowed over the years, to get away with averages that simply deify any type of Biological reasoning what so ever.  Yes, their numbers most often make “NO” Biological sense what so ever, and even comical at times, and obvious they simply do not know what it is they do not know – and this situation alone is very troubling, as they are paid administrative and manger wages, but simply decisions nothing more than what a moron who is paid minimum wage, would make, in the matters of proper wildlife and lands management.

We also find their statistics are not backed by anything.  Their redundant reference to a study, to promote or referenced within their counts as under-counted, done in the 1993’s, merely an abstract of averages as well, and states within the study the researcher’s never concluded, accurately, what the wild Horse population was at that time, but merely another surmised-average based upon BLM numbers (estimates, as no one really counted much of anything even then, accurately) that BLM employees lie about today – or they may simply take the word of someone else, and not read the study that others referenced.  BLM employees will state this same White paper, stating statistics clear that they are undercounting the Wild Horse Over-population, is simply a travesty, and really not a referenced matter at all.

“Environmental factors constrain the growth of populations, and density-dependent factors set an upper limit on their size.  Population size also is affected fundamentally by the rate of growth of the population and by the addition or removal of density-dependent factors.” – E.O. Wilson, PhD Research Biologist – 48 years

The rate of growth of populations, can vary enormously across species, and Wild Horses no different.  E coli, for example if left unchecked, would double in population every 20 minutes.  Apparently, this filled many BLM offices, and left unchecked 😊 . . . In the real world, this type of exponential growth only occurs at a short time period.  The E. coli example, at the rate mentioned above, after 36 hours the descendants of a single bacterium would cover the surface of the Earth one-foot deep, and within the next hour would be over all of our heads.

In the matters of Wild Horses, as well as other wildlife, we can get into a natural “moderation of population” – but only if allowed to do so, with little to no human intervention.  What is referred to here is nothing more than “carrying capacity” and the equilibrium of how a population size remains in balance, and within a habitat that can support them.  Our Public and Federal Lands can support an entire population of Wild Horses, as good science shows us, and a lot of research that states the same.

1. The only irrational situation we run across, currently, is the fact we cannot depend on the non-credible numbers i.e. wild horse counts – statistics that the BLM offers as truth, in the matters of placing (or leaving them alone) Our Nation’s Wild Horse’s on Public and Federal Lands.

2. There exists nothing to confirm, or to generate credibility within their (BLM/Forestry) non-biological statistics, no scientific or credible references, and lack of range confirmation data-gathered that will confirm it.  In reality, no one can really state for sure, about “Not” placing Wild Horses on our Public and /Federal Lands, and their comments merely inuendo with nothing to back them up –

3. In direct opposition, we have a lot of science, a lot of research, and simply a lot of knowledge to back-up, within data, strategy, as well as sound statistical data and research narrative, that point directly to Re-Releasing the wild Horses’ back onto Public and Federal Lands, and simply leave them alone . . .

Reproductive Strategies

We have two reproductive strategies, biologically supported and well researched, that directly contradict the single-species priority (or BLM/Forestry non-scientific paradigm) of cattle and sheep only, on our Public and Federal Lands; or, as we refer to them as non-biological paradigms that simply destroy wildlife as well as our entire environment on our nations’ landscape.  And that is the danger, to not only the Wild Horses, but to our over-all environment, and human’s alike. and the reckless use of chemicals, radioactivity from mining and fracking, and other dangerous pesticides used more and more on Our lands.

We have the r-strategy and the K-strategy.  The r-strategy refers to the intrinsic rate of population increase.  The K-strategy refers to the Karrying Kapacity, a variant of the term carrying capacity.  Not all animals fall into these groups I mention, exclusively, but the labels useful for identification or categorizing the overall picture of population change.

Animals that live in a dangerous or unstable environment tend to be r-strategists’.  Wild horses are more prone to live within a K-strategists’ environment.  This is one of a few excellent reasons many of us are, and remain, anti-pesticide pzp, as we favor the natural circumstance of a healthy environment, and healthy Ecological Habitats, over the no-strategy what so ever of the single-species-glut of cows on our Public and Federal Lands.

But this is a knowledgeable and a more academic realm in favoring nature over and above the human-problems of perception; as well, over the ignorance portrayed up to this point on the use of pesticide pzp, and arguing over sales brochure information rather than outright-science.  Breed controls are simply a human-perception, part of the human-problem, that have no place within a healthy Ecological Process and Habitat, what so ever. . .

K-strategists, wild horses in this example, reproduce later in life, or around, safely, 5 to 6 years of age.  More time is invested in their off-spring, and why we do not like to see the breed-control’s imposed upon Wild Horses, and generating Band disruption within many of the Wild Horse Bands on Public Lands – this is disruptive to the K-strategy – in reality, an unworkable situation – something BLM the Forestry and HSUS does not seem to understand, and they are totally out of their realm in pushing pesticide pzp on the Wild Horses at all.

We have within this paradigm, a succession of interaction, diversity, as well as creating or sustaining a healthy Ecological Habitat – we also find those who do not understand why we want to re-establish the Wild Horses on Public Lands, and left alone, as this paradigm is simply too difficult for them to understand how it all works.  We refer to this mind-set as shallow, not responsive to nature, and what it can provide for wildlife and human’s alike.

Populations in these circumstances, both strategies, grow quickly, but their growth levels off.  The strategies involved, we find in good science and well collected data and research, and closure of the hypothesis, in regard to interpreting the data and research collected.  We find an equilibrium at their carrying capacity, or what is referred to as the number of individuals the habitat can support.

Up and coming within the next article will be the strategy, the overall outlook of Population-Density, where environmental restraints grow in significance as population density increases.  For example, territory, ecological islands, growth of habitat, diversity in wildlife and terrestrial landscape, disease, predation, are all population density factors. . . as well as emigration and immigration; such as, emigration caused by inadequate food supply within a territory, and particular species simply move on to a healthier habitat to support themselves . . .

Research and Written by: John Cox, Cascades

References

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Bright, M. & Bulgheresi, S. A complex journey: transmission of microbial symbionts. Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 8, 218 (2010). This is an important description of the journey undertaken by horizontally and vertically transmitted symbionts, from their initial contact with their host to their final residence.

Bennett, G. M. & Moran, N. A. Heritable symbiosis: the advantages and perils of an evolutionary rabbit hole. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 112, 10169–10176 (2015).

Bull, J. J., Molineux, I. J. & Rice, W. R. Selection of benevolence in a host-parasite system. Evolution 45, 875–882 (1991).

Doebeli, M. & Knowlton, N. The evolution of interspecific mutualisms. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA USA 95, 8676–8680 (1998).

Douglas, A. E. Host benefit and the evolution of specialization in symbiosis. Heredity 81, 599 (1998).

Ewald, P. W. Transmission modes and evolution of the parasitism-mutualism continuum. Ann. NY Acad. Sci. 503, 295–306 (1987).

Hartmann, A. C., Baird, A. H., Knowlton, N. & Huang, D. The paradox of environmental symbiont acquisition in obligate mutualisms. Curr. Biol. 27, 3711–3716 (2017).

Herre, E. A., Knowlton, N., Mueller, U. G. & Rehner, S. A. The evolution of mutualisms: exploring the paths between conflict and cooperation. Trends Ecol. Evol. 14, 49–53 (1999).

Wilkinson, D. M. & Sherratt, T. N. Horizontally acquired mutualisms, an unsolved problem in ecology? Oikos 92, 377–384 (2001).

Knowlton, N. & Rohwer, F. Multispecies microbial mutualisms on coral reefs: the host as a habitat. Am. Nat. 162, S51–S62 (2003).

Nussbaumer, A. D., Fisher, C. R. & Bright, M. Horizontal endosymbiont transmission in hydrothermal vent tubeworms. Nature 441, 345 (2006).

Nyholm, S. V. & McFall-Ngai, M. The winnowing: establishing the squid–vibrio symbiosis. Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 2, 632 (2004). This is a classic overview of the establishment of the squid– Vibrio spp. symbiosis.

Fontanez, K. M. & Cavanaugh, C. M. Evidence for horizontal transmission from multilocus phylogeny of deep-sea mussel (Mytilidae) symbionts. Environ. Microbiol. 16, 3608–3621 (2014).

http://extension.oregonstate.edu/douglas/sites/default/files/documents/lf/WATERLF0503.pdf

http://forages.oregonstate.edu/nfgc/eo/onlineforagecurriculum/instructormaterials/availabletopics/management/livestock

http://dailypitchfork.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/BLM_USFS-grazing-analysis_2014_Daily-Pitchfork.pdf

http://animalscience.uconn.edu/extension../publications/pastureexist.htm

http://beef.unl.edu/water-requirements-for-beef-cattle

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cattle

 
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Posted by on March 29, 2019 in Uncategorized

 

Wild Horses and Public Lands Destroyed – Based Upon Myth, Illegal situations abound yet ignored by Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Administrators


“To deny “corruption” is to acknowledge its existence, yet remain complacent to its ultimate goal, to achieve profit from others within an illegal capacity, who are placed into a disadvantage within representation, that actually should or would protect the disadvantaged from such “corrupt” endeavors; thereby, lack of representation, or accepting the lies as truth ongoing upon our Public and Federal Lands, I discuss here the very blatant “taking away of one’s “Rights” and all the while “seized” by a very small population of corporations and industries, rather than “Secure” ALL American’s Right’s, which are far more significant.  This is America, and we can do far better than this.”
  — John Cox, Cascade Mountain Range

Today, right now and have-been for quite some time now, we are selling out our American Icons, the Wild Horses.  Mere lies and outright misinformation lead this storm of selling one of Our prized Icons Out, the Wild Horses, by nothing more than bigots, the blatantly ignorant, and bias people that really do not know any different!  We see them sacrificed for Welfare Ranching, which, as science shows very well, is non-sustainable management paradigms, not supported by science at all, and prevalent today, by BLM-Forestry and directly related to Cattle Ranching on America’s Public and Federal Lands.

As one BLM employee told me, “It is only tax money. What is it to you?”

The problem is unacceptable, and American’s, once the truth be known, and acknowledged, the Wild Horses being sold-out by BLM, Welfare Ranchers, and corporations, for their own religious — or personal benefit, within a corrupt context, and obvious to many.  This exemplifies where America is going today, and unacceptable to the majority – that is and as I stated, when the truth be known . . .

Our form of government, simply is not designed to favor one entity or person over another.  When we assimilate the Constitution of the United States, we see right-off, “We the People . . . all men are created equal.”

“Federal law defines fraud as any intentional deception or misrepresentation used to benefit yourself or someone else. … These laws identify specific types of fraud crimes, each of which has specific penalties associated with them.  All, when proven, are Felonies.” — 2011 US Code, Title 18 – Crimes and Criminal Procedure, Part I – CRIMES (§§ 1 – 2725), Chapter 47 – FRAUD AND FALSE STATEMENTS (§§ 1001 – 1040)

As you will notice within the Constitution of the United States, industry and corporations are not mentioned as having “Rights”; although, when Congress passed legislation creating a corporation to have the “Rights” of a normal human and American, they neglected to understand that the “Rights” given as a corporation to be an individual in America, cannot and “should not” seize all “Rights” from all other Individuals’ in America.  This is preposterous to assume, in total.

To undermine this ideological base of Our Constitution, whereas, the common American is “Not Represented”, in this case within the administration and framework of the operational aspects of the Bureau of Land Management (i.e. BLM), we then have a big problem with the ongoing and corrupt maneuvers’ of business-conflicts, that is, contrary to Our Constitution.  Obviously, and from the comment below, we need to be far more careful on who it is we elect into office to Represent Our views and demands on how Our Federal and Public Lands managed.

“Corporations Are People, And They Have More Rights Than You. Ever since Citizens United, the Supreme Court’s 2010 decision allowing unlimited corporate and union spending on political issues, Americans have been debating whether, as Mitt Romney said, “Corporations are people, my friend.” — Jun 30, 2014

Does the Constitution mean anything?

“The First Amendment – Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or of the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for redress of grievance.” 

Keep in mind this situation is not just a Constitutional situation, that within all confines, should be debated within the Supreme Court dockets, but the Bill of Rights, intended for All American’s, seized and corrupted by policies and inadequate laws, that simply do not fulfil the landscape of neither the “Bill of Rights” nor Our “Constitution”, within the aforementioned government agency.  Did our current representatives actually Represent the People of the United States in these issues?  Certainly not, and time for either them to do so, or be replaced by those who will represent Our Constitution and Bill of Rights.  In reality, the Welfare Rancher contingent attempted to “change” the Constitution, for their benefit, not our as taxpayers – as superior evidence and facts show us quite well.

Here, exemplified below, is the major problem, and how they arrived at this point was through total corruption, Fraud, and Misinformation – as the “biological” facts contrary to BLM decision making, as well as stand-out actions provide to us, as facts:

  1. $2.6 Billion Dollars BLM Horse Herd Management of Taxpayer Money Spent;
  2. Benefits to Taxpayers while spending taxpayer money = $0;
  3. Benefits to Local Area Ranchers/politicians/oil industry accumulative, pay-offs and continuing profit = $12.4 billion dollars and rising.

“This is significant,” Mr. Sebastian, Research CPA, states, “. . . as this becomes, and has been, a slice of our public debt, unfortunately hidden from the public at large.  Taxpayers should know where their money is going, it should not be hidden.  Right now, it is hidden in the BLM and under the “false” guise of Socioeconomics’ (which, when explained – similar to wild horse herd counts, absurd in total — is only bizarre, with no factual economics provable by budgets’, nor profits provable at all = lies – i.e. see Federal Court documents – Reno, NV Circuit – February/March hearings versus BLM), with no credibility or attempt to show the tax paying public the real figures and costs of the roundups.

This compared to simply leaving the Wild Herds alone, at an approximate cost-field-management amount of perhaps $52,000 to $75,000 per year if that, for grassland management, wild horse management, and cattle grazing management.” (i.e. Grassland Management Principles) et al.

Helicopter Roundups Exemplify the Problem

Here I will use the Sun J Livestock contractor.  This Private Contractor uses Helicopter Roundup methods (abundant videos and information is available on the Internet showing extreme abuse, so no further reference given here due to space) which virtually “Kills” a large percentage of wild horses during the roundups – and those killed on the Range, are paid for by Your taxpayer money, and written down within the BLM Inventory, that goes to Procurement for Private Contractor Payments, as transported to the nearest Temporary Holding Corral under the management of BLM-Forestry(even though, also as evidence and facts show us, they were not transported at all, but left dead on the range)  This is Fraud, and Misinformation given to Procurement to pay for goods and services not done . . . – Violation of US Code, Title 18 – Crimes and Criminal Procedure, Part I – CRIMES (§§ 1 – 2725), Chapter 47 – FRAUD AND FALSE STATEMENTS (§§ 1001 – 1040

This “Kill” percentage is extremely high for roundups in general, near the value of anywhere from 12% to 24% based upon Reality-Averages — and left under a covered-up shroud of questionable conduct, with no excuse from the Private Contractor or BLM Supervisory staff, other than a “Go to Hell” attitude when questioned about the over-kill rates, and yet paid as if rounded up and delivered commodities, to Procurement for payment.

To clarify the situation further as to why they hurry, it is to get the job done, at the horses’ expense or death, as they are paid per horse, and as shown further, incorrect horse counts in their favor.  The faster they get done, the more profit they make.  Example’s abound, as well as evidence and fact:

February 23, 2011 – Sun J Livestock received $82,648.20 for not even an entire weeks’ worth of roundup;

September 13, 2010 — Sun J Livestock received $82,966.00 for a little short of a weeks’ worth of roundup;

December 6, 2010 — Sun J Livestock received $649,850.20 for a little over a weeks worth of roundup;

January 10, 2011 — Sun J Livestock received $1,221,767.90 for about two weeks, if that, of roundup; etc. . . .

The Truthful Landscape of the situation quite obvious

I think you get the picture here, and keep in mind between the dates of September 13, 2010, and January 12, 2012 there were 24 Roundups and similar payments made to this Private Contractor in Nevada.  NOW, think about the roundups that have taken place, monthly, from 2012 to 2019 – and we see an industry that has developed on nothing more than fake/false wild horse herd counts (All Felonies under — US Code, Title 18 – Crimes and Criminal Procedure, Part I – CRIMES (§§ 1 – 2725), Chapter 47 – FRAUD AND FALSE STATEMENTS (§§ 1001 – 1040), as well as significant over-population of cattle, very destructive and costly to taxpayers as well, on our Public and Federal Lands – in violation of many laws too numerous to list here. . .

Myth Lies and Misinformation

All of this is built upon nothing more than myth, by the the cattle industry, that is “presumptuously under this myth” that Welfare Ranching is “needed” (lies – misinformation) on our Public and Federal Lands – We look at Domestic Sales Receipts, as further factual evidence, of a mere less than 1% of beef sales (beef from Welfare Rancher’s holding Federal Grazing Permits), and at a 34%  overall (i.e. commercial and Federal Grazing Permit beef combined) of Beef commodities’ expire and thrown out within the market place. . . We see no need for this extravagance to the taxpayer $-billions of dollars extended to support Welfare Ranching at all, when, in reality, nothing received for the taxpayer, nor from the Welfare Ranching on Our Lands — nor the need for significant destruction of our Wild Horses in America, as well as our environmental concerns (ignored most often) – all built on nothing more than a tremendous, dubious myth, as well as an insurmountable mountain of lies  . . . Science is left out on all BLM and Forestry decision making, when Welfare Ranching or Wild Horses concerned, as Evidence and facts show us, as well, quite clearly, indeed.

Also, keep in mind, in 2019, these numbers have accelerated, and contractors committing fraud prevalent, and very provable as fact, but neglected by authorities’ as well as those who represent Our behalf, under the Constitution of the United Sates and Bill of Rights . . . and certainly, at the expense of taxpayers, contrived wild horse herd counts (biologically unprovable in total, as evidence shows as well), which still remain unprovable just from Biological Facts alone, remain their reasoning to commit Fraud toward all taxpayer’s.

There exists no-excuse, by government agencies, to allow this to continue – what so ever!  This is America, we stop corruption in its tracks — this quality still exists, and obviously ignored right now, but we expect change soon.

Written by: John Cox, Cascades

 
3 Comments

Posted by on March 28, 2019 in Uncategorized

 

Wild Horses, Terms, and Extinction: Bias, Bigotry, and Rhetoric at its Worst

We have a tendency, as humans, to accept “categorical-terms” as reality.  Often, we find this merely a perceptive-reality based on myth, and nothing more than a commercialized occurrence of supposed necessity.  When we use the “categorical-terms” of “Livestock” or “Pests”, through perception, we deduct passively the situation of slaughter, in particular of cattle, sheep, pigs, and yes, even horses.

Congress even debated the subjects of “Livestock” and “Pest” as a Rule of Order, in this case for Wild Horses and Horses in general, for the commercial and monetary reasoning to reap all the money possible from Our Horses, as well as to establish “breed Controls” and to experiment on Horses.

Yes, the Human Problem that no one will admit they have, just as Bigots will not admit their problem of Bigotry and Bias, and how it becomes despicable when $-profits can be made. 

This voids any protection or humane criteria involving the Horses, in general, and creates the ability, or excuse, to send horses to slaughter and not think twice about the occurrence; after all, they are just “livestock” and due to this categorical-perception, nothing more than roaming “pests” on Our nations Public and Federal Lands.  Organizations that supposedly are “humane” also fought “for” these categories’ in order to dart their snake-oil, one example of many more, into Wild Horses, deer, and other wildlife:

  1. To keep the categorical and commercialized term of “Livestock” in place, so;
  2. To establish them as “pests” so experimentation and breed-controls could be used upon them.

Indeed, the stigma attached to these terms, since the term “pest” carries its own commercialized categorical use, or “Excuse” to commit Non-Humane acts upon Horses, we find people taking advantage of these circumstances. . .

For example, Darting them with a Pesticide PZP, and it being “okay” to do so merely due to terminology (e.g. the terms pet versus livestock – or service-animal versus pest), and in some cases,  people invoke the term “Humane Reasoning” or passively use (propaganda of rhetoric) a “Humane Management” paradigm into this “categorical-perception” only; which, accomplishes nothing more than to Zero-Out Birth Rates of Wild Horses (i.e. species extinction eminent).

Due to these terms being in place, legally, we then see the reality, the commercially manipulated markets of meat product, in this case Horse Meat; thereby, the Less availability of Wild Horses, for example, increases the price per pound for “Slaughter Bound Horses” . . .  The thought, or perception is, they are merely Livestock and Pests on Our Public and Federal Lands anyway, and congress agrees and laws passed to manage them as such, so why not profit from the occasion, any way we can?  The excuses and terms developed to merely “not feel the guilt” of actually killing an innocent animal for money-only reasoning, or what many consider family members or service animals, the Horse.

This is what develops when Bias, Ignorance, or those Schemers and Scammers grab a foothold in our society, and manipulate, and even develop propaganda, in order to make large “Profits for themselves, despite what it is they destroy.  What must be accomplished in this matter, is the terms “Livestock” and “Pest” be neutralized, in the matters of the Wild Horses, and yes, within the domestic horse as well.

Rather than donate money to those who promote these terms, as history shows quite well, donate money to those groups that will take issue with these terms, and eliminate them from congress and federal laws, and actually do something to save the horses, rather than implement different methodology to destroy or kill them, until extinct!  — John Cox, Cascade Journal

 
 

American’s and Our Wild Horses Do Not deserve, nor want, what is ongoing on Our Public Lands

“The vicious are most to be feared, when they pretend to be good. ” Publius Syrus (“Les méchants sont le plus à craindre, quand ils prétendent être bons.”) Zero’d-Out Birth Rate = Extinction

On Our Public Lands, right now, we have some of the most misinformed, misguided, and unapproiate management paradigms that ever existed within the history of the United States.  Not only is the Bureau of Land Management and the USDA forestry, tell us constantly, lie after lie about the actual health of Our Public and Federal Lands, that we pay them $-millions upon $-millions to manage properly and for Our, the Taxpayer’s, benefits; but they simply have No Science to back up their ecology or environmental management paradigms what so ever.  The government’s Grazing Permit Programs are Corrupt, in total.

Although, illegitimate science flows in vast amounts, that support a Single Species Paradigm of a non-indigenous species, cattle.  No “Legitimate Science” supports these endeavors, and our Ecological Zones, which eventually interact in the long-range affairs into our nations “Overall Environmental” complex, suffers greatly.

The Reality?  Good science shows us we are even wiping-out Our own species, the Human Species, as we also wipe-out essential wildlife, grasslands, oceanic food chains, our climate, and much more – all in the name of one-species, of two or three industries. . . cattle, oil, and mining . . . and more corporate misinformed agenda’s (corporate non-profits) take advantage of these very corrupt paradigms, in the name of an odd re-termed cause of “Humane”, and yet simply promote the lack of integrity, lack of ethics, and dishonesty of the continuous tragedy, ongoing, toward Our Wild horses, Our Wildlife.  Corruption, in total, is what we see constantly now, on Our Public and Federal Lands.

Then we have organizations, corporate and non-profits alike, that are presenting more of a disturbance, that again, is backed by neither legitimate science, nor management paradigms at all.  Their pretense of being “good” or “humane” is ridiculous – mostly their profit-driven statements simply support “corruption” entirely, when one actually pays attention to the reality of them.

Not only can we do better, but we can become honest about things, and in the interim save the Wild Horses and America’s Wildlife . . .  Honesty and Integrity, in reality, cost nothing, and free the last time I checked.

Let me become even more clear.  Those of us around horses, for decades now, can see things others simply do not.  The situation, for example, to see how a horse owner, or rider, how they treat their horse, is very visible.

We can see how heavy-handed or lack of Reins-Control, or even appropriate Collection Technique, from looking at the back hooves of the horse, at a glance.  We can see when a person “fears” their horse, or the way they sit-the-saddle, and how uncomfortable or afraid they are of the horse.  Then there exists those who assume they know everything about the horse, yet know nothing, as it is quite obvious, they have not either been riding for long, or their approach to talking about horses is, obviously, not of an experienced person.  We can see this, very easily I might add.  And these people, ironically giving information about horses to the general public, that does not know about horses!  We have a human-problem here, of ignorance, mostly!

There exist people on the present WH&B Board, who fit the description of inexperienced riders, quite well – and I see people applying for positions on the WH&B Board, that have no experience, but give people the pretense of having years of experience.  So here we sit, and the Wild Horse tragedy, is at Crisis Level, and need to be left alone!

Ecological Health and Population Moderation

With this knowledge we move forward, legitimate knowledge, by the way, not pretend knowledge and backed by “profit oriented” mind-sets, that simply pretend they know everything.  We move on to Science, and how Nature, inclusive of wildlife and terrestrial landscapes alike, establishes a “Moderation” of populations, or referenced as Population Ecology. . .

The very basis of this “moderation” context is based upon population counts of species – science and appropriate data gathering is involved here, as well as “truthfulness” – “honesty” – and allowing the science-data speak for itself.  Phonies, fakes, and know it all’s need not apply here (the Wild Horses already slaughtered due to these situations alone), because bias or bigoted opinions have no place in honest science; nor, does there exist a “facade” of science be presented to the public that is derived from a controlled template or speech, manipulations of what to say in order to “sell” bogus science to the public, to make them believe it is legitimate (i.e. wild horse band roundups, Pesticide PZP and other breed controls – forced upon an underpopulated species of wild horses — raises the Red Flags here of corruption, of dishonesty, of bad science, covering up the corruption for future profits). . .

The dynamics of Population Ecology shows us, beyond doubt, that the population of a given species within a given habitat does influence the local population stability, its expected growth, and its likelihood of survival.  In this interconnected world that is a functional “ecosystem” the fact is the population of one organism very likely to affect the population of others.

Here we start to see just how inefficient and incompetent, and based upon lack of science and data the Single Species Priority of cattle paradigms are, and simply not of science, but of bias, of a bigoted mind-set driven by profit-oriented dynamics, that simply do not work in our Natural Habitats, never have – never will, as history quite clear on this particular subject . . .

Ecology and Dynamics of Wildlife

In ecology, a population includes all of the members of one species, among others, living in the same place.  Population ecology is the statistical study of a local population’s birth rate, death rate, and other factors that influence the survival and reproduction of each.  A study of how local wildlife and vegetation react to the overall environment.  This dynamic alone, ignored by those who, ironically, manage our Public and Federal Lands, quite evident.  Ignored is the fact of truth, honesty, and ethics, as well as the dynamic of offering land manager’s clues, or data, to advance their management paradigms for healthy lands, ecology, and much cheaper expense to provide a healthy environment.

Taxpayer’s, just as the Wild Horses and Wildlife, presently on Our Public and Federal Lands, abused to the point of “Excess” as well as evident extinction (or in the case of tax-money, simply no longer available) Birth Rate vs Death Rates ratios show us the problem, quite well, I might add, but ignored by current government management agencies.

The 1% of sales margins on our domestic-markets, of beef product, shows us quite well, that the $-millions upon $-millions of dollars thrown at the Grazing Permit programs on Public and Federal Lands, are simply unneeded, and a waste of money – and the only thing developing is our Public and Federal Lands are the worst, health-wise, then ever before in history – Science shows us this quite efficiently.

This becomes an embarrassment to all American’s, when many observe the situation ongoing on Our Public and Federal Lands, and the incompetence that is even more obvious.  Can we do better?

Government Agency Response to Bad Agency Management

Here we go, on the fact, not just science but actual fact of observation as well as data and information collection, our current government agencies blame such things as the Wild Horses, the Wolves, the Bears, the Coyotes, the Falcons, the Eagles, noxious weeds (lie upon lie to avoid the major issues, the incompetence of these government agencies to manage our Public and Federal Lands adequately and properly) and so many more wildlife, that things are just getting very ridiculous, more often than not.  And the Grazing Permit Program?  Numbers do not lie, when data collected within an honest, ethical standard, which equates to good science, not corruption nor corrupt and malicious science.

Well, to cover-up the outlandish corruption, they simply reduce the cost of the grazing of Cattle AUM Units (i.e. one cow one calf), increase the amount of Grazing Permit Lands, and increase the amount of taxpayer money allocated toward Roundups and Breed Controls to attack the Wild Horses, even though there exists no overpopulation of Wild Horses at all, on Our Public Lands, nor do the Wild Horses destroy or devastate our lands (as good science shows us), and are not pests at all (given this title of “pests” by those who want to dart – essentially zero-out to extinction) the Wild Horses — with breed controls to control the “pests” as they say) – and, as I mentioned earlier, only 1% of Grazing Permit cattle product is sold domestically on the commercial market – and (this is extremely interesting and a truth the cattle industry cannot avoid) we see from the USDA statistics, 28% to 32% of all beef product sold domestically, is thrown away, due to longevity of shelf-life.  Is there a purpose to the current Grazing Permit Programs?  None!

Population Ecology

Population Ecology of our wilderness areas, our Public and Federal Lands, is more relevant now than ever before on Our Nation’s history.  Biodiversity is more significant than ever before, as well.  The forces that sculpt our populations, both human and in nature, living (biotic) and non-living (abiotic) forces, contribute to theirs’s and our growth, for a healthy environment to live within, or a decline, and ecological systems destroyed, our water undrinkable, our forests neglected, mismanaged and sacrificed for beef, the same with our deserts and wildlife in common.

Can We Do Better?

Overwhelmingly, we can do much better, than what is ongoing today, and what we are accepting as normal. It is more important, than ever before, when so much of biodiversity is threatened, continuously, is the fact we need to “understand” these forces, and not just shrug and repeat the constant-push of misinformation, that in reality is causing extinction of our Wildlife, our Wild Horses, our Grasslands, our oceanic environment – our taxpayer money simply wasted on these current paradigms of mismanaged lands and falsified and mismanaged Wild horses?  Disrespect from government agency personnel, our legislators working only for corporations and not taxpayers or American’s in general, disrespect from corporations and non-profits alike (charitable organizations supposedly use donation-money to save our wilderness as well as wildlife and our wild horses, instead use it as their personal piggy banks and increase their 0wn living standards).

We can do better, much better!  Honesty, respect, ethics, and truthful science needed!  The bottom-line of it all!  Stand up Now, for our wild horses, and actually ourselves, as the Human-Species in danger as well, and from all of this ignorance, bias, and Corruption!  STAND UP – TIME FOR AMERICA TO SPEAK!  WE DO NOT NEED TO ACCEPT CORRUPTION!  NEVER!

Article Written by:  John Cox, Cascades

 
3 Comments

Posted by on March 6, 2019 in Uncategorized