Monthly Archives: January 2018

The Spirit Bear is Calling Us All — Saving The Spirit Bear


(Photos Not Mine)

The fact is, we, as humans, are doing tremendous damage to our Natural Environmental Landscapes.  Below, information about the Ghost Bear or Spirit Bear.  We have an opportunity, right now, to share and share again this information far and wide, to assist in saving not only this unique animal, but save an entire Ecological System, a Healthy Island among a lot of industry, to save.

A Documentary:

A good article:  Spirit Bears Are Calling Us — First Nations historic declaration to ban bear trophy hunt in the Great Bear Rainforest honors’ the spirit of late Nuxalk Chief Qwatsinas “Raven Spirit”

Thank you for sharing — the more quality knowledge people receive, the better chance we have of saving entire Ecological Systems within nature.

John Cox



Posted by on January 24, 2018 in Uncategorized


Wild Horses, Wolves, and Nature’s Dynamics

Years ago, my reading of such people as Aldo Leopold was quite limited. I read most of his writings, post-adaptation. In another word, he learned from error, just as we do so today. He had an open-enough mind to admit defeat, which many today simply do not; of which, his wiping out a wolf population, i.e. eradication, ultimately generated a thorough destruction of that same habitat where he worked, where he observed things of consequence, and where Mother Nature taught him facts he could not deny any longer.

Yes, within his process of wiping the wolves out, browsers (deer, Elk, and other game species) run foot loose and fancy free through the woods and mountains, to the point of eating one another out of food, and ruining the ecology of all the “island groups” that at one time, due to diversity and availability of predators (wolves, et al.) were quite healthy and experiencing growth. Growth stopped, human-caused drought followed, and those same forests and mountain range no longer supported healthy vegetation nor a healthy and diverse wildlife arena of ecological zone health. . .

Humans and Dynamics of Nature

Natural circumstances change, well, within a natural dynamic. Not so surprisingly, our human species rolled with those changes, but unfortunately, some grasped at those changes nature provided us, lessons of fact perhaps left unlearned; which, e.g. corporations viewed the changes as profit-margins of raw material made available to them for their special interests only, and to hell with everyone else.

Business as usual, the dollar profits often much more within short-term, and we see the falsehood of Economic Sustainability (even though un-needed), which ignored once again the necessity of priority in Ecological Zone Sustainability, or ubiquity of change, and due to this the necessity of perception to, in reality, change or to constantly adapt within nature, ignored in total.

The overall reasoning of adaptivity is to establish our Natural Systems as beneficial to humankind. This being a “Priority” as it is a fact this is where we all live, on this planet; thereby, we are all connected in one way or another, whether some accept this fact or not, the evidence quite clear, always.

Suddenly, and the paradox that exists here, is we often find ourselves, or our society, having to change, or adapt, to what may be referred to as our own erroneous adaptations, previously. But do we, as a society acknowledge the difference between a negative and a positive, or can we acknowledge within a beneficial outcome, the difference between group-acceptance of an ideology, or understand through evaluation the change within nature’s dynamics, must be adaptive toward those positive changes along side of nature, and not within a oppositional-disregard toward those changes. Oddly, it seems to be, rather, ignorance or just blatant hate most often in our decision making. And this is what we currently see within government interventions toward wolves, wild horses, et al. . . .

“So, understanding the “natural” relationship of humans to land,” (in this discussion, land also involves wildlife and the well-established and observed connection between both), “requires a dynamic view. . .” Aldo Leopold

Leopold learned within his experiment, or what some called his perceptions at that time and later changed or should we say he adapted, that he observed an ironic result. He viewed first hand, and over a short length of time and with his wolf removals (i.e. 1930’s), that some human activities not only change the local context in which those activities are undertaken, but can also set in motion changes that radiate outward, affecting larger and normally slow-changing systems at a much larger scale.

The term “Expect Change” was his motivator at that time, but unexpectedly, it was not the change he assumed would take place. He immediately recognized the kind of changes he observed within a wolf-free landscape (Islands or Ecological Zones) were much different than the limited effects of small groups of hunters-trappers-gatherers. Yes, a challenge was put before Leopold then, as similar challenges that face us currently. And recall the last article/blog I stated many of us felt Leopold did not go far enough, well, let’s look further into this situation. . .

“Evolutionary changes, however, are usually slow and local. Man’s invention of tools has enabled him to make changes of unprecedented violence, rapidity, and scope.” — Aldo Leopold, 1939, p 727

The problems then, as right now in our Nature’s Overall landscape, remains tremendous. Yes, the actions of small groups, lobby groups, or hunters, trappers, and corporations, all being separate but certainly entities Nature has got to deal with, ultimately effect entire landscapes. In another word, the problems of available larger systems of our Natural Environment, usually assumed to be relatively stable and could endure human presence, have become vulnerable to human actions – no matter how innocent or slight these human actions may appear out-rightly.

Sub-groups of small presentation to our environment, with their special interests or needs or circumstance, does have lasting effects to much larger systems within our overall landscape. We must be made aware of this situation, and express concern over the inability to many human’s who do not understand that not only “all is connected” (by the overall evidence we see constantly) as a Universal Truism, but indeed, our slightest endeavors when, also accumulative, does have an effect on our overall landscape of environmental difficulties.

The Dynamic of Human Impact

As we define, and redefine evidentiary and data gathering of the overall ecology, as well as sub-groups and “Islands” from the land mass within the United States, we find for certain, humans do have a serious impact on our natural systems within nature, as well as far exceed Leopold’s landscapes of the southwest.

We can surmise logically, via the term “spillover” and from Leopold’s supposedly “successful” wolf eradication program (and later even he deducted his actions indeed a failure, whereas new concepts had to adjust for those same failures) what he found was that, “…while killing a few wolves would have little effect on larger systems, extirpating the top predators set in motion cascading changes, that began to accelerate changes in normally slow-changing, environmental systems (Eisenberg, 2011).”

Did we learn from these circumstances, happenings and research from decades ago, and repeated just about every other decade, and the same evidentiary data developed time after time, looking at us square in the face? No, we have not, and now other wildlife groups are in danger of extinction (wild horses versus government intrusion – elephants versus trophy hunters – wolves and wild horses versus rancher’s overpopulations of cattle i.e. greed – cougars versus human’s infringement upon wilderness areas, and the list goes on) not so ironic, and due to the slow-movement of change from larger Ecological Systems.

As Leopold found, and what has triggered response over the decades of similar activity, was that his program to remove wolves was so extreme that it did not resolve within a reasonable evolutionary process. Due to the extreme change within that particular environment, populations of deer, and Elk, and a robust of smaller-critter populations exploded – due to no predation available within that ecological system. We see the same effects in Idaho, and In Eastern Oregon, where deer and Elk run amuck, wreaking havoc with farmers crops, as well as woodlands, and forests where the trees are devastated and die within higher altitudes.

When I traveled to Eastern Oregon, as well as crossing the boarder into Idaho, I seen, without a doubt, browsers starting to eat themselves out of several habitats, or ecological zones. Obvious as well, the once very healthy “Islands” deep within three or four natural wilderness areas, due to the hatred and killing of wolves and cougars alike, the landscape was quickly approaching a landscape one would consider moon-like – signs of over-browse dominated the landscapes entirely.

Leopold learned, way back when, that his experimental spirit must be also accompanied by a measure of humility and he came to regret the violence and irreversibility of his wolf-removal experiment.

“Remember,” my mother would tell me, “it takes a good man to admit his mistakes, while a weaker man will go through his life wasting time, trying to persuade others his errors were right and not wrong, despite the obvious.”

Human and Land-Mass “Island” Contact

It is time for humans to leave their comfort zone of just enjoying nature, and start to understand the reality, the background so to speak, of what it is within the beauty they observe. When we speak of Wild Horses enhancing an ecological zone, or “Islands” where they roam — it is not just by foolish whim, but rather an accumulation of what Ecologists and Paleontologists, among others, have found over centuries of research, observation, and well referenced history, that tells us the truth. It is about how economics is not the only ruling situation that requires sustainability, but rather a secondary situation that, indeed, merely thrives on the raw-materials that those who use those raw materials destroy, then move onward to destroy other healthy “Islands” of wilderness, then to another, then another yet, and on it goes…

It is time that we, as humans, must understand there remains a more inclusive and intricate picture of how ecology and human activities play out within a much larger scale, and then with hope, understood. Ignorance becomes no excuse when one stands in a field that looks like a lunar surface.

So, is it just Wild Horses, and rancher’s claims (unproven, yet they remain claiming the destructiveness of wild horses being dreadful – no, there exists no evidence at all, and when they attempted to bring-fourth evidence in Federal Court they lost their case, due to “falsifying information” (judges’ comments not mine – and that is fact), or what many refer to as lies, in order for wild horse herd roundups to even exist? Or the wolves, and all the hatred toward them driven by deer and elk hunters, who also do not have any evidentiary exhibits, other than ignorance and hate, that show beyond a doubt that wolves are not needed, and simply destructive? No evidence, but more history of such. But indeed, we can show the necessity of all predators, in assisting to establish Healthy “Islands” or ecological zones that thrive, for things presently – healthy trees, healthy wildlife populations, healthy streams, healthy fisheries –


Oddly, Leopold discussed the pattern of overpopulation following Predator removal, as one of several instances of damage to ecological systems in more scientific terms and within his essay, titled “A Biotic View of Land” (Leopold, 1939). Interestingly, this is an essay that the rancher’s, hunters, trappers, of others of that ilk do not want the public to know it even exists. These same small groups, mostly hate groups stirred by animosity, remain familiar with only the wolf-eradication program that Leopold started – but ultimately changed his entire perspective of what promoted a healthy Ecology, and thus presenting a healthy, and much larger scale, overall Environment.

If you leave this short essay with only one perspective, I hope it to be that change within our environments are a good thing. But remember, that a healthy Ecological System (system or process is essential to understand here) is developed by a well-diversified and healthy chain of components, that consistent of – Wild Horses, Wolves, Cougars, Bears, small critters and healthy creeks, streams, and rivers, with plenty of biotic life, Beavers, Otters, and the entire realm of vegetation and tree stands, among many other components as well…


Posted by on January 23, 2018 in Uncategorized


Wild Horses and Sustainability

Sustainability: The ability to be maintained at a certain rate or level; or,

Avoidance of the depletion of natural resources

in order to maintain an ecological balance.

Let’s, together right now, separate the confusion between ideologies, directly related toward sustainability of Americas Wild Horses! Due to these differences and among so much confusion on what exactly sustainability is, and what it is not – Oh yes, need we not forget and among all of the confusion these days, government employee ignorance compounded with their lies and outright corrupt behaviors – from Bureau of Land Management mostly, with Oversight from the Department of the Interior, overwhelms America’s Wild Horses on America’s Public Lands and Forestry Lands.

The reality of their ignorance? Wild Horses Die! But not just die, but die throughout a morbid, abusive death at slaughter plants. The horse’s throats ripped out, or cut open by a knife, or beat in the head with a hammer until unconscious, then gutted when still alive. . .

And yet, this information is not unknown to those government employees who support, or take part in stealing wild horses for slaughter, mostly by creating horse counts that are biologically impossible for mother nature to create naturally (bogus statistics and dishonest research shadow all of their efforts throughout their corruption). It does not matter how they smile when talking to the general public. The reality? They know nothing of horses in general, and know even less about Wild Horses – America’s Wild Horses.

To write this one has to enter into a gloomy realm of darkness, which is the domain of falsified wild horse herd counts. We see firstly, the wild horse counts done by Bureau of Land Management employees to be, very often and as stated above, biological impossibilities. Exaggeration of a type where, in reality, abusive behavior and harm does come to the wild horses – through what we can term sociopathic behaviors. Yes, they know what happens to the horses when sent to slaughter, make no doubt they know, and simply do not give a damn what so ever.

Also forgotten is the legal aspects of what they do, daily – corruption of falsification laws, corruption of laws that protect the public from government lies and fraud, and basically do not manage the wild horses at a level of knowledgeable professionalism at all. Corruption is exactly the name of their behavior – disgustingly, for nothing more than pocket change and special interests.

The horses lose, and sustainable wild horse herds are obviously planned toward “Extinction” and within the coming decade, contrary to Law. And by the way, for no reason other than short-term monetary profits for all involved – most often from taxpayer money and corrupt subsidy programs or grants provided by our government.

Sustainability Organization and Perspective

Let’s just agree from the outset, there are so many different oriented perspectives within the matters of sustainability, one can become confused as to just why there exist so many. We have one Earth, with our unique environment that separates our planet from so many others within our solar system.

Many of us also understand the simple facts of an All-Is-Connected mind set, and with this we can understand further, that simplicity can lead to such intricate detail, abound with such a complexity in process, that it becomes far easier to give up, rather than dwell within our landscape upon this planet for any amount of time; thereby, many people simply follow large special interest groups, rather than deduct for themselves the environmental circumstances that do exist.

The problem here? Special interest groups (along with government agencies as well) that say they do the research — but in reality, do not. This situation equates to the worst type of ignorance. Most people will just agree with the information that sounds the best, comparable to comfort-food is comfort (false) facts, which in truth is nothing more than to participate within the ignorance, and have no idea about the realities, and often wonder why nothing has changed over the past decade.

Understanding Sustainability and Nature

Aldo Leopold understood this hierarchical organization of our overall environment, along with all of its complexity. He understood not just the natural systems existing throughout his time but the impact of humans on them, and severe potential destruction in the future inevitable.

We can peruse his more significant writing of “Think Like a Mountain”, and realize that managing a species population on the mountain (i.e. ecological zones) requires a systematic approach, rather than guesswork, or narrow perceptions that include special interests, or even economic interests. Many of us agree, Leopold did not go far enough, and it is now up to us to go further.

Only then we can also understand the complex nature of the subsystems he spoke of – i.e. deer, wolves, and hunters etc., and when manipulated for human purposes, (in this example by removing the wolves entirely – which we can define parallels with our nations Wild Horses, due to the blatant ignorance of hatred toward both species, that some human’s do maintain, falsely, as their perception of true sustainability or their brand of (fake) conservationism) would alter those corresponding ecological systems drastically, if not destroy them entirely.

Ignorant human involvement within nature, can devastate our planet, make no doubt as those of us in the field see it daily now – even more so than nuclear bombs, and far more dangerous than our perception of nuclear war, which would probably never happen – Perception compounded with commercialized manipulation is quite extraordinary at times, is it not? Ignorance can be far worse than any war, and profoundly justice never accomplished to fix the corruption.

This develops into an awkward situation, that when set in motion cause significant changes to our overall environment. And human’s, well, we simply want to ignore what has developed, despite the destruction, and move on to our self-indulgence or special interests – in this case hunting for deer, or Elk, or the commercial and industrialized cattle production of beef (even though we see a 34% to 36% amount of beef products thrown-away (i.e. USDA Statistics 2000 to 2016) wasted or thrown out for non-sales at markets yearly, and the hell with any other wildlife. . . A corrupt industry in total, similar to many others that use our natural resources or ecological systems, to produce their saleable products, in such mass commodities. . .

Within this discussion a profound economic sustainability ideology does exist; but, up to this point in history, time has shown this particular wayward ideology very destructive, indeed.

We can go to other circumstances, especially within the cattle industry, which provides us with   reasoning as to why so much ignorant-styled hatred toward wolves and wild horses does exist. A good example is how our government, to be precise the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), portrays our nation’s Public Lands mass and acreage, as all of it being pristine, or useable.

This is an untruth. There exist small areas, or ecological systems that are useable, but mostly shared by many species. It is this sharing of these lands, by a diversity of species (Yellowstone for example and proven by much of the research over the past four-decades, that shows this very well indeed; or, the Great Plains, that shows us diversity up to three-decades ago, then the devastation and destruction, by cattle mostly) that provided the enhancement of the overall ecological system to work beneficially.

Research also shows that the amounts of Public Lands is exaggerated (covered in my previous writings). This becomes devastating when we see cattle ranchers fight over Public Lands and Forestry Lands, to place their cattle upon (cattle destroys ecological systems and overall environmental habitats, robustly proven over decades of research), and since government agencies acreage-counts exaggerated (also proven by sound research, with so many conflicting statistics between USDA/Forestry as well as BLM or USGS for that matter, among others), then the fight for useable Public Lands / Forestry Lands, and land mass itself, becomes of paramount significance to us all, especially within a sustainability context.

These useable ecologically healthy land-masses, that also include diversity in wildlife and vegetation, are called “Islands”, for research purposes. This distinguishes unusable land-mass from useable, or over-used land-mass in a real-time data gathering sequence of attributes and study. Using this methodology, we can now distinguish the false representation of land-mass, with a truer perspective of how we treat and use our functional land-mass – and I must say it is not a pretty picture what so ever. – John Cox, Cascade Journal

Now we can begin to see how Leopold, in “Marshland Elegy” and the way he used, or constructed his multiscale critique of his Wolf Policy, in “Thinking Like A Mountain,” is so important, but still did not go far enough to protect sound Ecological Zones from economic reasoning, or disastrous mind-sets, from several very destructive commercialized situations (cattle, oil, mining, pipelines, exploratory drilling for gas, et al.).

One can also make a good point in the fact of negative sustainability, especially within the economic standard of false ideology of the term sustainability and within the aforementioned industries. Frankly, one can replace their economic ideology, or perceptions, of sustainability with more unstable principles of conduct, or negative virtues of reality – which dictate using the lands aggressively to sustain the current population, until unuseful, then leave it for the future generations to deal with the overall burden, and on their time, not ours.

None the less, we deal with ignorance. Why do I say this? Because we can reflect back into a past that remains abundant with information. This information shows us, beyond any doubt at all, whether it be hierarchical models, or simply multiscale models, that prove humans pay attention to only short-term profits (i.e. short-term land use, or aggressive ecological devastation and then move onward to another healthy ecological-zone (Island) to devastate short-term) . . .

Thereby, the problem in real time, becomes that of these same driving variables of destruction, and in a system of economic gain, can and does undermine these ecological systems, and sadly, within an ignorant context, wildlife species driven toward extinction; which, overall contributes to the system’s ability to not continue to provide those outputs, and actually undermine those dynamics that function at a much larger scale.

Sustainability and Positive Approach

Here is where we can take Aldo Leopold’s reasoning to a protohierarchy theory. This is where it gets interesting, as one does not want to aspire toward a juggling-act. We find that politics eventually takes over any type of superficial context based upon falsehoods or self-oriented special interests. We see a lot of this within horse advocacy groups (and government agencies alike, as currently neither is that far apart in the matters of bogus information and spreading it to the public at large), where analysis based upon false-hoods, or corruption taken as a truth, becomes simply yet another superficial layer that can essentially be tossed upon the already immense garbage-pile of other ignorance portrayed as reality.

So we can dig-up truth, despite so much garbage, through quality process dynamics, for example:

  • Systems embedded within one another, given the smaller sub-systems are expected to change quicker than the larger systems that they are composed, to maintain the space-time relationship complex all the while sustaining the dynamics of the entirety, or the whole system as being dynamic, enhancing both the ecological system as well as the diversity of species that contribute; 


  • All observation as well as research, be confined with information from these sub-systems only, assumptive toward the aggressive dynamic that enhance, rather than hinder, the complex of the relationships favoring sustainability and longevity of the overall dynamic in its entirety. No appeals are made toward any other perspective of ideological enhancement of what sustainability is or is not; whereas, special interests remain uninvolved and prohibited.


Within the two points made here, from experience many of us can perceive an infinite amount of systems that can be used, where sound and quality research is provided, then becomes a priority toward management, despite what level the system or ecological zone for that matter. Here we can provide the human elements with natural elements judiciously and without special interests or government intrusive and wayward corruption having the ability to take over and destroy further, these lands (or Islands) upon which the taxpayers and public, i.e. American’s Own. We can also expect more from the laws that already exist, yet ignored by those government entities that are, indeed, paid to uphold those same laws they ignore.

The situation here is to have the ability to develop models that arrange many dynamics, that can come together, that actually drive this system into positive areas of understanding; whereas, this allows those involved to parse problems onto the systems, and systems onto problematic areas, or zones, in helpful ways – when compared to the current, and destructive, economic ideologies of fake or false sustainability perceptions – and those that attempt to work within those false perceptions, which equate to no change or no positive situations to develop toward land-mass or ecological-zone improvements. . .


Posted by on January 21, 2018 in Uncategorized