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Monthly Archives: August 2013

American’s Icons The Wild Horses Being Killed for Short Term Profits and Being Managed to Extinction by the BLM

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2nd Article in this 3 part Series — As stated in the first article, of this 3 part series, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) no longer has credibility in regard to any management criteria, that is within an honest context, when speaking or making decisions about America’s Wild Horse Herds on Public Lands. There exists no legitimate scientific study or research in regard to the BLMs decisions to roundup and essentially abuse or kill during the roundups or storage of America’s Wild Horses, and eventually send to slaughter America’s Icons, the Wild Horses.

When tracking the reasons why the BLM make the decisions about roundups, we find three things — all of which considered illegitimate reasoning:

1. The Environmental Impact Statements (all) do not contain thorough terrestrial, marine, ecosystem, grazing, or soil research — nor do they contain appropriate and meaningful recommendation toward the ultimate decision making process and in regard to a true impact of the Public Lands involved — rather, some EIS’s are eventually copied from other areas, then the titles changed to appear the EIS completed for the particular area noted, and submitted as such, but most often, that is when new EIS’s do exist, they are irresponsibly inaccurate or untruthful in total;

2. There exists no consistent or honest wild horse head counts, whereas, inconsistency exists and easily observable from tables and supposed previous counts — as their current models and paradigm formulas inaccurate and thereby irresponsible, and are prejudice against wild horses and directly affirmative toward cattle, despite the obvious and plentiful and well referenced science and data available (BLM employees ignore this) stating the invasiveness and harm done by cattle (also see recent court transcripts for Murderer’s Creek, stating cattle the cause of harmful environmental damage, not the wild horses, even though the attempt was made to accuse the Wild Horse Herds roaming that area, the Federal Court Judge perused legitimate science data and research (as mentioned in the Judge’s final statement) to form the final decision — LOREN STOUT and PIPER STOUT, Civil No. 09-152-HA Plaintiffs, OPINION AND ORDER v. U.S. FOREST SERVICE, and U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, et al.);

3. Then the very sad and narrow in scope reasoning for BLM employees keeping welfare ranchers, foreign oil companies, and mining corporations happy, America’s Public Lands and America’s Icons, the Wild Horses are sacrificed, entire environment and ecosystems ruined, America’s Wildlife and vegetation sent to extinction, and all for small but quick profits; and in reality, for example the beef market (i.e. welfare ranchers on public lands contribute only 2.6% of beef to the commercial markets today) has declined 12.8% less Americans actually eat beef or beef products today, and now we sacrifice our Public Lands for welfare ranchers, etc., to sell to foreign countries — this is unacceptable!

Note: Taxpayers pay a lot for the roundups and storage, $Millions, but receive nothing in return! The price is too costly to Americans, and the general American public agree and want horse roundups stopped!

Federal Law and Policy

Federal laws guide the use and management of public-land resources. Some laws are specific to a given agency (e.g. the BLM’s Taylor Grazing Act of 1934 and the FS’s National Forest Management Act [NFMA] of 1976), whereas others cross agency boundaries (e.g., Endangered Species Act [ESA] of 1973; Clean Water Act [CWA] of
1972).

A common mission of federal land management agencies is ‘‘to sustain the health, diversity, and productivity of public lands’’ (GAO 2007, p. 12). Further, each of these agencies has ample authority and responsibility to adjust management to respond to public land or federal lands grazing (GAO 2007) and other stressors.

The FS and BLM are directed to maintain and improve the condition of the public rangelands so that they become as productive as feasible for all rangeland values. As defined, ‘‘range condition’’ encompasses factors such as soil quality, forage values, wildlife habitat, watershed and plant communities, and the present state of vegetation of a range site in relation to the potential plant community for that site (Public Rangelands Improvement Act of 1978).

Quite obvious to many of the general public and concerned taxpayers, this type of aforementioned management or Stewardship and responsibility toward our Public Lands is commonly ignored by these government agencies. Why?

BLM lands and national forests must be managed for sustained yield of a wide array of multiple uses, values, and ecosystem services, including wildlife and fish, watershed, recreation, timber, and range. Relevant statutes call for management that meets societal needs, without impairing the productivity of the land or the quality of the environment, and which considers the ‘‘relative values’’ of the various resources, not necessarily the combination of uses that will give the greatest economic return or the greatest unit output (Multiple-Use Sustained-Yield Act of 1960; Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 [FLPMA] as outlined and discussed in previous article 1 of this series).

Restoration a Simple Matter of getting Rid of the Culprit-Cattle

Because livestock use is so widespread on public lands in the American West, with zero benefits to taxpayers, management actions directed at ecological restoration, to include unlimited cattle removal, needs to be accomplished much sooner than later.

This approach, despite conflict with government agencies that could care less about American’s who are concerned about our Public Lands restoration, should and will be made more aware that they work for us, American’s and taxpayers, and not for corporations or legislators! If government agency land managers and administrators alike, wish to debate the issue of who they work for, then they should be removed from their positions as being irresponsible and unresponsive to their job description and mission statements. The removal of cattle from America’s Public Lands then becomes the most ecologically effective and economically efficient method for recovering altered ecosystems, because it directly involves and addresses the root causes of degradation and allow natural recovery processes to operate, and is based on good science and research as well, see (Kauffman and others 1997; Rieman and Isaak 2010).

This strategy is especially relevant to western ecosystems because removing or significantly reducing the cause of degradation (e.g., excessive cattle use) is likely to be considerably more effective over the long term, in both costs and approach.

For many areas of the American West, particularly riparian areas and other areas of high biodiversity, significantly reducing or eliminating the cattle in total on Public Lands should, over time, result in the recovery of self-sustaining andn ecologically robust ecosystems (Kauffman and others 1997; Floyd and others 2003; Allington and Valone 2010.

Indeed, various studies and reviews have concluded that the most effective way to restore riparian areas and aquatic systems is to exclude cattle on a long-term basis (e.g., Platts 1991;BLM and FS 1994; Dobkin and others 1998; NRC 2002; Seavy and others 2009: Fleischner 2010). Recovering channel form and riparian soils and vegetation by reducing cattle impacts is also a viable management tool for increasing summer baseflows (Ponce and Lindquist 1990; Rhodes and others 1994).

Conclusion

Once again what is shown, by well referenced science, research, data gathering, and just plain American common sense, is a direct conflict with the BLM’s tactics in management.

Even though we have the truth on our side, science and wholesome data on our side, common sense on our side, well referenced biology and research that shows harmful effects of cattle on our Public Lands, an over amount of laws and policies that have been either ignored or consciously broken, many cases of fraudulent behavior by BLM employees and provable, and irresponsible behavior by those who manage America’s Public Lands — and these same government agencies offer nothing to debate these issues other than childish name-calling, as they have been essentially “caught in their bullshit”!

And as American’s what is it we are to do, simply put our hands in our pockets, shrug our shoulders, and then walk away, only to ignore this ever so obvious irresponsible situation? That is not going to happen because being an American is far more important, than allowing bad conduct and the ongoing criminal behavior within our government agencies! It is time to stop the travesty of the BLM, Horse abuse, and sending American Icons, The Wild Horses, to Slaughter!

___________________________________

References:

Abella SR (2008) A systematic review of wild burro grazing effects on Mojave Desert vegetation, USA. Environ Manage 41:809–819
Allen DL (1974) Our wildlife legacy. Funk and Wagnalls, New York
Allington GRH, Valone TJ (2010) Reversal of desertification: the roleof physical and chemical soil properties. J Arid Environ
74:973–977
Angermeier PL, Karr JR (1994) Biological integrity versus biological diversity as policy directives. Bioscience 44:690–697
Asner GP, Elmore AJ, Olander LP, Martin RE, Harris AT (2004)
Grazing systems, ecosystem responses, and global change. Ann Rev Environ Resour 29:261–299
Backlund P, Janetos A, Schimel D, Hatfield J, Ryan M, Archer S, Lettenmaier D (2008) The effects of climate change on
agriculture, land resources, water resources, and biodiversity.
A report by the US Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research. US Environmental
Protection Agency, Washington, DC, http://www.climate science.gov/Library/sap/sap4-3/final-report/default.htm
Balling RC, Klopatek JM, Hildebrandt ML, Moritz CK, Watts J (1998) Impacts of land degradation on historical temperature
records from the Sonoran Desert. Clim Change 40:669–681
Barnosky AD, Hadly EA, Bascompte J et al (2012) Approaching a state shift in Earth’s biosphere. Nature 486:52–58
Bates BC, Kundzewicz ZW, Wu S, Palutikof JP (eds) (2008) Climate change and water. In: Technical paper of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. IPCC Secretariat, Geneva
Baxter CV, Fausch KD, Saunders WC (2005) Tangled webs: reciprocal flows of invertebrate prey link streams and riparian
zones. Freshw Biol 50:201–220
Coggins GC, Wilkinson CF, Leshy JD, Fischman RL (2007) Federal public land and resources law. Foundation Press, New York
Connelly JW, Knick ST, Schroeder MA, Stiver SJ (2004) Conservation assessment of greater sage-grouse and sagebrush habitats.
Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, Cheyenne
Cowley ER (2002) Monitoring current year streambank alteration. US
Bureau of Land Management, Boise CWWR (Centers for Water and Wildland Resources) (1996) Sierra
Nevada ecosystem project report. Wildland Resources Center Report No. 39. University of California, Davis
D’Antonio CM, Vitousek PM (1992) Biological invasions by exotic grasses, the grass/fire cycle, and global change. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 23:63–87
Dobkin DS, Rich AC, Pyle WH (1998) Habitat and avifaunal recovery from livestock grazing in a riparian meadow system of
the northwestern Great Basin. Conserv Biol 12:209–221
DOI-OIG (Department of the Interior-Office of the Inspector General) (2010) Bureau of land management wild horse and burro program. Report C-IS-BLM-0018-2010, Washington, DC
Donahue DL (2007) Federal rangeland policy: perverting law and jeopardizing ecosystem services. J Land Use Environ Law
22:299–354
Dwire KA, Ryan SE, Shirley LJ, Lytjen D, Otting N, Dixon MK (2007) Influence of herbivory on regrowth of riparian shrubs
following a wildland fire. J Am Water Resour Assoc 42:201–212
EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) (1999) A review and synthesis of effects of alterations to the water temperature regime on freshwater life stages of salmonids, with special reference to chinook salmon, USEPA Technical Report EPA 910-R-99-010.
USEPA, Seattle, http://www.maweb.org/documents/document.355.aspx.pdf
EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) (2009) National water quality inventory: report to congress, 2004 reporting cycle. US
Environmental Protection Agency EPA-841-R-08-001, Washington, DC
Estes JA, Terborgh J, Brashares JS, and 21 others (2011) Trophic downgrading of planet earth. Science 333:301–306
Field CB, Mortsch LD, Brklacich M, Forbes DL, Kovacs P, Patz JA, Running SW, Scott MJ (2007) North America. Climate change 2007: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. In: Parry ML, Canziani OF, Palutikof JP, van der Linden PJ, Hanson CE (eds)
Contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge
University Press, Cambridge, pp 617–652
Fleischner TL (1994) Ecological costs of livestock grazing in western North America. Conserv Biol 8:629–644
Thornton PK, Herrero M (2010) The inter-linkages between rapid growth in livestock production, climate change, and the impacts on water resources, land use, and deforestation. World Bank, Policy Research Paper 5178, Nairobi, Kenya
Torrell LA, Rimbey NR, Bartlett ET, Van Tassell LW, Tanaka JA (2001) An evaluation of the PRIA grazing fee formula. Current issues in rangeland resource economics: symposium proceedings. Western Regional Coordinating Committee on Rangeland Economics WCC-55. New Mexico State University Research Report Series 737, Las Cruces, New Mexico
Trimble SW, Mendel AC (1995) The cow as a geomorphic agent, a critical review. Geomorphology 13:233–253
Valone TJ, Meyer M, Brown JH, Chew RM (2002) Timescale of perennial grass recovery in desertified arid grasslands following livestock removal. Conserv Biol 16:995–1002
Vincent CH (2012) Grazing fees: overview and issues. Congressional Research Service RS21232, Washington DC
Weisberg PJ, Coughenour MB (2003) Model-based assessment of aspen responses to elk herbivory in Rocky Mountain National Park, USA. Environ Manage 32:152–169
Welch BL (2005) Big sagebrush: a sea fragmented into lakes, ponds, and puddles. US Forest Service GTR-RMRS-GTR-144, Fort Collins, Colorado
Westerling AL, Hidalgo HG, Cayan DR, Swetnam TW (2006)
Warming and earlier spring increase western U.S. forest wildfire activity. Science 313:940–943
Wilcove DS, Rothstein D, Dubow J, Phillips A, Losos E (1998)
Quantifying threats to imperiled species in the United States. Bioscience 48:607–615
Worster D (1992) Under western skies: nature and history in the American west. Oxford University Press, New York
WSWC (Western States Water Council) (1989) Preliminary summary of findings, In: Nonpoint Source Pollution Control Workshop, Midvale, Utah, pp 25–28
Wu L, He N, Wang Y, Han X (2008) Storage and dynamics of carbon and nitrogen in soil after grazing exclusion in Leymus chinensis grasslands of northern China. J Environ Qual 37:663–668

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8 Comments

Posted by on August 12, 2013 in Uncategorized

 

BLM Wild Horse Herd Roundups Go Unchecked and Costly

horses_ft_klamath_oregon_field
The Bureau of Land Management lacks credibility. The fact is the information the Bureau of Land Management (i.e. BLM) distributes to the public, especially about wild horse herd roundups, is predicated upon political agendas as well as the quite apparent public land management’s ideologies induced by political lobby groups. It becomes obvious that the wild horse herds cannot be managed by lobby groups or special interest groups, as the American taxpayer still pays for proper HMA (Horse Management Areas) as well as proper Stewardship of our Public Lands.

This situation simply favors those same small groups, such as corporations, welfare ranchers (i.e. cattle), and foreign owned companies that want to accomplish their business on America’s Public Lands! Ironically, the BLM hardly, if ever, collects even the small amount of fees charged to these corporations or for cattle grazing on public lands (GAO Report 2012 states billions of dollars went uncollected). And yet, these two elements do the most damage to our domestic and public lands environment. America’s taxpayers lose all around, with no return what so ever!

Due to the ongoing abuse of wild horses at BLM roundups, and previous roundups, combined with the amount of millions of dollars of taxpayer money spent on these same horse roundups, this becomes quite a significant problem.

These decisions to complete a wild horse herd roundup are not based from preferred quality data and sound science; neither are the decisions based on wild horse herd safety or health, as the horses as one can easily see, remain extremely healthy year around. No! The fact is the wild horse herd roundups are approved only by misleading and falsified information. Over time we see this as extremely costly to taxpayers and our public lands being ruined. Read onward for further reference.

Cattle and Public Lands Issues

Research study after well documented research study proves beyond a doubt that cattle on public lands has indeed produced negative consequences. Our public lands soil quality, air quality, along with wildlife endangerment, and even species extinction, remains paramount and of concern. This fact is all due to cattle grazing on public lands.

The point is that the general public should be questioning, undeniably, the BLM’s wild horse herd roundups, attrition would take care of the other unethical or criminal behavior. The wild horse herds, in truth and proven through numerous non-political and non-agenda scientific research papers and testimony, remain a non-invasive animal and simply good for the public lands environment.

The BLM’s information and reasoning for wild horse herd roundups, on the other hand, remains unreferenced, opinionated, and no science or research to attest to their opinions. BLM management simply favors more cattle on public lands and will lie, as history demonstrates quite readily, to essentially get their way!

Not so ironic is the fact the only information proven by sound research and data gathering is the fact cattle remain a negative invasive species on America’s public lands, and are essentially ruining the environment of our public lands, both locally and domestically. There exists too many cattle in the United States, and currently a large percent simply being sold on foreign markets — so once again American’s are lied to for corporate profits. There is no need for cattle to graze on pubic lands any longer (see references) and American’s simply are eating much less beef, 12.8% reduction within the last year (i.e. USDA Report and Economic Forecast).

Commercial cattle grazing on public lands indeed “. . . alters vegetation, soils, hydrology, and wildlife species composition and abundance that exacerbate climate change . . .” (see references).

In contrast, it is scientifically shown that wild horses, and even wolves (also falsely presented by both federal and state government agencies alike) can reestablish our public lands to a viable and healthy environment for the public, wildlife, vegetation and the landscape combined.

So upon the examination of references we reiterate the fact that the BLM, and Forestry for that matter, has no well referenced or definable scientific proof for any wild horse herd roundups to take place at all.

This also places into extreme doubt both government agencies Environmental Impact Statements. These statements are a regulatory measure to safeguard our environment from callous management. These government agencies mission as Stewarts of our public lands and environment to safeguard our federal forests and public lands apparently neglected as well. It is unfortunate they do not complete these safeguards as regulated by law.

Consequently, this makes these government agencies guilty of submitting environmental statements that are fraudulent not only in nature, but because it becomes quite costly to taxpayers, a criminal act as well. These same environmental statements are dependent upon true scientific related and well referenced material and information. This information must be reliable and consistent with each region or area of potential wild horse herd roundups versus cattle grazing management.

The problem can become quite costly to taxpayers to finance these, shall we say, inappropriate decisions; as these decisions are based on false information and for welfare ranchers and political lobby groups gathering profit and satisfaction for the corporations or associations hiring them.

Regulations BLM does not achieve

Ignored regulatory measures to prevent environmental damage and wildlife damage to our public lands follows — you decide:

“FLPMA directs the BLM to ‘‘take any action necessary to prevent unnecessary or undue degradation’’ of the public lands. Under NFMA, FS management must provide for
diversity of plant and animal communities based on the suitability and capability of the specific land area. FLMPA also authorizes both agencies to ‘‘cancel, suspend, or modify’’ grazing permits and to determine that ‘‘grazing uses should be discontinued (either temporarily or permanently) on certain lands.’’

FLPMA explicitly recognizes the BLM’s authority (with congressional oversight) to ‘‘totally eliminate’’ grazing from large areas ([405 km2) of public lands.

These authorities are reinforced by law providing that grazing permits are not property rights (Public Lands Council v. Babbitt 2000). While federal agencies have primary authority to manage federal public lands and thus wildlife habitats on these lands, states retain primary management authority over resident wildlife, unless preempted, as by the WFRHBA or ESA (Kleppe v. New Mexico 1976). Under WFRHBA, wild, free-roaming horses and burros (i.e., feral) by law have been declared ‘‘wildlife’’ and an integral part of the natural system of the public lands where they are to be managed in a manner that is designed to achieve and maintain a thriving natural ecological balance.”

So now we understand why the BLM (and the forestry for that matter) do not generate regulatory, and by law, the Environmental Impact Statements within a proper perspective or with any “Truth” within their documents. We now can understand why the lies persist, and the BLM lies to cover the previous lies up!

But there is much more, and the BLM and Forestry, ignore this and create misinformation and even lies to cover these situations up!

“The FS and BLM are directed to maintain and improve the condition of the public rangelands so that they become as productive as feasible for all rangeland values. As defined, ‘‘range condition’’ encompasses factors such as soil quality, forage values, wildlife habitat, watershed and plant communities, and the present state of vegetation of a
range site in relation to the potential plant community for that site (Public Rangelands Improvement Act of 1978). BLM lands and national forests must be managed for
sustained yield of a wide array of multiple uses, values, and ecosystem services, including wildlife and fish, watershed, recreation, timber, and range. Relevant statutes call for management that meets societal needs, without impairing the productivity of the land or the quality of the environment, and which considers the ‘‘relative values’’ of the
various resources, not the combination of uses that will give the greatest economic return or the greatest unit output (Multiple-Use Sustained-Yield Act of 1960; Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 [FLPMA]).”

Conclusion

Historical and on-going cattle usage affects soils, vegetation, wildlife, and water resources on vast expanses of public forests, shrubbery lands, and grasslands across the American West. Horses are blamed for the carnage but that is and remains an unfortunate lie that will become harder and harder for the BLM, and Forestry to show within a truthful or responsible methodology.

Once the public acknowledges these agencies, the BLM or Forestry, are not developing their management plans, or decisions, by the substantial regulatory and legal requirements given them, only then will change take place and under pressure from the public and politicians alike.

It is quite clear that our Stewarts of our Public Lands, these supposed government agencies under regulatory restraint (yet ignore the regulations and laws quite freely) will have to, perhaps within the immediate future, get rid of many employees who are not receptive to regulations and laws; especially those employees in upper management and administrators at the BLM, Forestry, or the Department of the Interior, that choose to accomplish public lands management via political lobby group demands or by political pressure.
_______________________________________

References:

Abella SR (2008) A systematic review of wild burro grazing effects on Mojave Desert vegetation, USA. Environ Manage 41:809–819
Allen DL (1974) Our wildlife legacy. Funk and Wagnalls, New York
Allington GRH, Valone TJ (2010) Reversal of desertification: the roleof physical and chemical soil properties. J Arid Environ
74:973–977
Angermeier PL, Karr JR (1994) Biological integrity versus biological diversity as policy directives. Bioscience 44:690–697
Asner GP, Elmore AJ, Olander LP, Martin RE, Harris AT (2004)
Grazing systems, ecosystem responses, and global change. Ann Rev Environ Resour 29:261–299
Backlund P, Janetos A, Schimel D, Hatfield J, Ryan M, Archer S, Lettenmaier D (2008) The effects of climate change on
agriculture, land resources, water resources, and biodiversity.
A report by the US Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research. US Environmental
Protection Agency, Washington, DC, http://www.climate science.gov/Library/sap/sap4-3/final-report/default.htm
Balling RC, Klopatek JM, Hildebrandt ML, Moritz CK, Watts J (1998) Impacts of land degradation on historical temperature
records from the Sonoran Desert. Clim Change 40:669–681
Barnosky AD, Hadly EA, Bascompte J et al (2012) Approaching a state shift in Earth’s biosphere. Nature 486:52–58
Bates BC, Kundzewicz ZW, Wu S, Palutikof JP (eds) (2008) Climate change and water. In: Technical paper of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. IPCC Secretariat, Geneva
Baxter CV, Fausch KD, Saunders WC (2005) Tangled webs: reciprocal flows of invertebrate prey link streams and riparian
zones. Freshw Biol 50:201–220
Coggins GC, Wilkinson CF, Leshy JD, Fischman RL (2007) Federal public land and resources law. Foundation Press, New York
Connelly JW, Knick ST, Schroeder MA, Stiver SJ (2004) Conservation assessment of greater sage-grouse and sagebrush habitats.
Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, Cheyenne
Cowley ER (2002) Monitoring current year streambank alteration. US
Bureau of Land Management, Boise CWWR (Centers for Water and Wildland Resources) (1996) Sierra
Nevada ecosystem project report. Wildland Resources Center Report No. 39. University of California, Davis
D’Antonio CM, Vitousek PM (1992) Biological invasions by exotic grasses, the grass/fire cycle, and global change. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 23:63–87
Dobkin DS, Rich AC, Pyle WH (1998) Habitat and avifaunal recovery from livestock grazing in a riparian meadow system of
the northwestern Great Basin. Conserv Biol 12:209–221
DOI-OIG (Department of the Interior-Office of the Inspector General) (2010) Bureau of land management wild horse and burro program. Report C-IS-BLM-0018-2010, Washington, DC
Donahue DL (2007) Federal rangeland policy: perverting law and jeopardizing ecosystem services. J Land Use Environ Law
22:299–354
Dwire KA, Ryan SE, Shirley LJ, Lytjen D, Otting N, Dixon MK (2007) Influence of herbivory on regrowth of riparian shrubs
following a wildland fire. J Am Water Resour Assoc 42:201–212
EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) (1999) A review and synthesis of effects of alterations to the water temperature regime on freshwater life stages of salmonids, with special reference to chinook salmon, USEPA Technical Report EPA 910-R-99-010.
USEPA, Seattle, http://www.maweb.org/documents/document.355.aspx.pdf
EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) (2009) National water quality inventory: report to congress, 2004 reporting cycle. US
Environmental Protection Agency EPA-841-R-08-001, Washington, DC
Estes JA, Terborgh J, Brashares JS, and 21 others (2011) Trophic downgrading of planet earth. Science 333:301–306
Field CB, Mortsch LD, Brklacich M, Forbes DL, Kovacs P, Patz JA, Running SW, Scott MJ (2007) North America. Climate change 2007: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. In: Parry ML, Canziani OF, Palutikof JP, van der Linden PJ, Hanson CE (eds)
Contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge
University Press, Cambridge, pp 617–652
Fleischner TL (1994) Ecological costs of livestock grazing in western North America. Conserv Biol 8:629–644
Thornton PK, Herrero M (2010) The inter-linkages between rapid growth in livestock production, climate change, and the impacts on water resources, land use, and deforestation. World Bank, Policy Research Paper 5178, Nairobi, Kenya
Torrell LA, Rimbey NR, Bartlett ET, Van Tassell LW, Tanaka JA (2001) An evaluation of the PRIA grazing fee formula. Current issues in rangeland resource economics: symposium proceedings. Western Regional Coordinating Committee on Rangeland Economics WCC-55. New Mexico State University Research Report Series 737, Las Cruces, New Mexico
Trimble SW, Mendel AC (1995) The cow as a geomorphic agent, a critical review. Geomorphology 13:233–253
Valone TJ, Meyer M, Brown JH, Chew RM (2002) Timescale of perennial grass recovery in desertified arid grasslands following livestock removal. Conserv Biol 16:995–1002
Vincent CH (2012) Grazing fees: overview and issues. Congressional Research Service RS21232, Washington DC
Weisberg PJ, Coughenour MB (2003) Model-based assessment of aspen responses to elk herbivory in Rocky Mountain National Park, USA. Environ Manage 32:152–169
Welch BL (2005) Big sagebrush: a sea fragmented into lakes, ponds, and puddles. US Forest Service GTR-RMRS-GTR-144, Fort Collins, Colorado
Westerling AL, Hidalgo HG, Cayan DR, Swetnam TW (2006)
Warming and earlier spring increase western U.S. forest wildfire activity. Science 313:940–943
Wilcove DS, Rothstein D, Dubow J, Phillips A, Losos E (1998)
Quantifying threats to imperiled species in the United States. Bioscience 48:607–615
Worster D (1992) Under western skies: nature and history in the American west. Oxford University Press, New York
WSWC (Western States Water Council) (1989) Preliminary summary of findings, In: Nonpoint Source Pollution Control Workshop, Midvale, Utah, pp 25–28
Wu L, He N, Wang Y, Han X (2008) Storage and dynamics of carbon and nitrogen in soil after grazing exclusion in Leymus chinensis grasslands of northern China. J Environ Qual 37:663–668

 
3 Comments

Posted by on August 12, 2013 in Uncategorized

 

America’s Wild Horse Herds and BLM’s Abuse and Killing Of America’s Horses

door handles golden 2013

 
Facts are stubborn things; and whatever may be our wishes, our inclinations, or the dictates of our passions, they cannot alter the state of facts and evidence.  — John Adams

Horse Advocates state clearly, from fact, that there is no need for the Bureau of Land Management’s (BLM) Wild Horse Herd Roundups, a sub-agency of the Department of the Interior (DOI).  Many also think there is no longer a need for such a contempt-oriented government agency as the BLM! Also these same employees at the BLM tell the American public / taxpayers, to pretty much go to hell, when the same taxpayers state clearly, the BLM programs bogus, unwanted, and many criminal at best.

Much of the public/taxpayer base wants the wild horse herds left alone, and remain on public lands — and many taxpayers very much aware that it is the BLM that lies about catastrophes and necessity of management paradigms; in truth, the BLM management paradigms are only political agendas directly involving graft or profits while taking taxpayer money criminally.
 
The unnecessary roundups cost taxpayers millions if not billions of dollars yearly.  Yet this reality, this “thing” our government refers to as “acceptable abuse” or “acceptable expenditure” after their non-fact based and false documentation toward reasoning for the roundups, and everything connected with it, can and should be considered nothing more than mis-use of taxpayer money as well as criminal in nature.
 
The fact, or truth, is the horse roundups remain contrary to it’s program that established the endeavors of such a useless need, contrary to management principles, contrary to science, contrary to Congressionally passed law and policy, remain and certainly abusive to the horses. . .  And yet. . .
 
The Bureau of Land Management Incompetence = Criminal
 
Awkwardly, BLM and DOI operate contrary to any values that prescribe decency, morals, non-abusive behavior, and law.  Just within the matter of the Wild Horse Herd Roundups and their holding facility management guidelines and principles, one can become thoroughly disgusted with the BLM and DOI.
 
The treatment of animals, when simply observed, is wrong and on many different levels.  Taxpayers continue to pay for this mismanaged operation of abusive Wild Horse Herd Roundups, abuse-oriented storage of these same Wild Horses, and once again the BLM simply tells taxpayers to go to hell when questioned about the obvious abuse and even death of America’s wild horses. . .  Yes, arrogantly, the old “. . . everybody is wrong but us attitude. . .”  And as we all acknowledge, this unreasonable of all paradigms becomes quite costly, both monetarily and life threatening.
 
One example of many:  The payment process to those who do the helicopter roundups, in one government contract person’s opinion and after perusing several BLM contracts with private contractors, states, “It is an abomination.  They pay contractors essentially unearned money, with no proper parameters or checks and balance systems toward quality of work or restrictions on abuse or death of the horses.  Way too many items left out of contract to actually adhere to government contract guidelines. . .”
 
Facts abound not only about and toward the most litigated and costly government agency in America’s history, but the BLM was investigated in the early 1990’s in regard to severe criminal activity throughout this agency.  By the way, those investigated have become those in upper management, supervisors, and other levels of responsibility. Mysteriously, with 2,000+ felony arrest warrants compiled, and several hundred misdemeanor arrest warrants signed and ready to serve, the warrants discontinued the night before, with no reason given other than orders given from higher up.

This exists volumes of information about questionable contracts, conflict of interest issues, contractor hiring practices, roundup methodology and violation of both policy and law, and wasted taxpayer money – both criminal and due to: BLM incompetence; sever animal abuse toward horses and outright killing them without excuse or (saddly) due to mistreatment of the horses.

There exist also Federal Court cases won that demonstrate and show repeated Constitutional violations by BLM staff, management, and law enforcement; Federal Court case that show BLM incompetent in their decision making (billions of dollars lost with this one in court and attorney expenses, Justice Department attorneys’, etc…); harassing of American’s by BLM staff and law enforcement; blatantly ignoring Court Orders and on many occasions; employee misconduct and even theft and other criminal activities and situations; conflict of interest between Director’s of the BLM and DOI, as well as top and mid management personnel; and the list goes on!
 
Many American’s wonder why this agency exists
 
Every bit of information mentioned above, noteworthy evidence against the BLM and DOI employees, is indeed backed by witnesses, certification of fact, scientific reports which are often arrogantly ignored, data, photos, and videos of all this obvious questionable conduct that indeed is both costly to the taxpayer and could be considered criminal in nature.
 
Then, ironically, something happens to all of this precise information collected.  All of it becomes eligible to fit into whatever extreme characterization is most politically expedient at the moment for BLM or DOI employee management or Directors, or media people in the agency to spew to the Public-At-Large.
 
Advocates have been blamed for “. . . the sky is falling complex. . .” and “. . . the facts Advocates portray as real driven by their emotions only. . .” or recently, “. . . the NAS Report” (Scientists find BLM incompetent and using bad science for decision making) portrayed as “being nothing more than propaganda done by Horse Advocates.” The fact is the BLM hired scientists as Independent Contractors, to complete a “Truthful Evaluation” on BLM techniques and management principles in regard to wild horse herds and the roundups. The NAS Report (i.e. independent research scientists) found BLM to be “Incompetent in policy, not following the legal aspects of management of the horse herds, and the roundups not needed what so ever.”
 
The problem is this, the NAS is a government organization, and sub-hired private contractors–Independent Research Scientists, to research and assimilate the report over a two year time period.  The NAS was contracted by the BLM/DOI to find out what the problem was with their inefficient and ineffective methodology. The group of research scientists did so, and at a cost to the taxpayers millions, and yet the BLM now ignores the research because it does not fit in with their excuse-paradigm to Senators, Congressmen, and other legislators they feed misinformation to on a constant basis.
 
BLM Employee Incompetence Abundant
 
Yes, we can conclude very easily that longevity within a career ambition should be made of much sterner stuff.  We can also conclude that distributing false information, propaganda, lies, and innuendo coming from our American taxpayer based public/government employees are wrong.
 
After all, it is taxpayer property and the BLM and DOI consistently abuse, steal, or label taxpayer and American property as insignificant entity, which costs the taxpayer often millions of dollars yearly within itself, and by just plain old bad reasoning by government employees.  I also speak of the continuous expenditures for situations and items unnecessary to do or have, and give a “zero” return to the taxpayer.
 
Yes, the Wild Horse Herd Roundups are only a small item, yet costly in the billions to taxpayers — and unneeded; especially when considering the non-payment or special interest and politically driven next-to-nothing payments for our Public Lands usage, especially by foreign corporations or mining — and fees often not paid at all, amounting to billions upon billions of dollars —
 
What’s Going On?
 
This is really the heart of what the Horse Advocacy is about.  The rule of law is dependent upon a government that is willing to abide by the law.  Disrespect for the rule of law begins when the government believes itself and its corporate sponsors to be above the law.
 
But need we discuss, or write here, about the laws and policies being ignored, and even changed at times, to arrange nature into a political paradigm.  I think not right now, as research by the reader of this article, when accomplished, is much more memorable.
 
The only situation provided here, since this should be of concern for every American, is to actually accomplish the research and discover these vast amount of situations the BLM and DOI disregard, favoring corporations and political agendas instead!
 
This has to do with all American’s and not only our quality of life, but the quality of life for us and our families, for our animals, our nation’s wildlife, and our overall existence toward not becoming corporate pawns, and paying our tax money only to support corporations! History becomes quite clear, and the BLM’s management paradigm, favoring use of our public lands by corporations, at little to no cost, is the road toward total destruction of our public lands and eventually America! It is obvious and ongoing as this article is written.

HORSE ADVOCATES

More generally, the question of whether Horse Advocates do their job?  Yes, it is good and brings out not only honest perspective, but forces irresponsible government agencies, as the BLM and DOI to keep responding to the public.  When accomplished consistently, and the same old excuses, toward their innocence when indeed the innocent, horses in this case, are being abused, and even tortured and killed at times, then the truth becomes quite obvious over time.

Yes, there exists horse abuse! Yes there exists unnecessary death rates of wild horses due to ignorance of private contractors’ working for the government! And yes, there is criminal behavior at almost all levels of the BLM and no matter what the venue, i.e. wild horse herds, logging, mining, energy, and on and on. . .
 
It has simply become a matter of survival for the Wild Horses, and Horse Advocates are the people who defend these animals who remain defenseless without Advocates.
 
We can, as humans, expect no less from any man or woman, and to do what is right — and in this case what is right is defending our Wild Horse Herds from malicious and dishonest people!  — John Cox, Horse Advocate
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Just a few items the Public should be aware of while the BLM mismanage our Public Lands, and at a great cost to do so. This certainly, at times, becomes far more than BLM employee incompetence and reverts to criminal behavior that should be approached right now, not 20 years from now!

1. BLM approves construction of 50,000 new natural gas wells in southeastern Montana and northeastern Wyoming, despite the threat to national parks and local air quality. Wild Horse Herds and HMA’s liquidated from this Bad Science (manipulated data) – Bad Decisions criteria.

2. A report by the National Academy of Science, ordered by the DOI and administration, concludes that it is safe for people to drink water with as much as 20 parts per billion of perchlorate –- that level is 20 times the standard recommended by the Environmental Protection Agency two years ago.

3. Evidence surfaces that Bush administration quietly changed rules, allowing oil companies to skip environmental requirements when drilling in National Parks.

4. Former BLM employee sues the bureau for wrongfully firing him when he refused to comply with orders to downplay toxic and radioactive dangers at a Nevada copper mine.

5. BLM overestimates the potential amount of natural gas underneath Colorado’s Roan Plateau, stating that the gas reserves could power the country for nine months. A USGS report concludes that the tapped gas supplies could actually power the country for only 6 days.

6. EPA experts accuse Bush administration of altering science on poor air quality over National Parks.

7. Mine Safety and Health Administration demotes and relocates a top official for accusing the agency of covering up facts during the investigation of a massive coal slurry spill in West Virginia.

8. Bush administration deletes key information in letter urging the United Nations to remove Yellowstone from a list of endangered World Heritage Sites.

9. Bush administration claims that environmental laws restrict energy development in the West despite government findings that the vast majority of public lands are open for oil and gas drilling.

10. Interior Department claims that polar bears can be adequately protected from oil drilling in the Arctic Refuge despite government studies showing the opposite to be true.

11. Bush administration grants a Kentucky coal company a reprieve from obeying federal law, allowing mining to continue without a permit (eventual cave-in and 18 minors killed).

12. Hundreds of government wildlife scientists report political pressure, scientific distortion.

13. Court records reveal that a Bush administration political appointee in the Interior Department conspired with industry lobbyists to support the California Farm Bureau’s lawsuit against her own agency. After a series of emails and telephone calls Deputy Assistant Interior Secretary Julie MacDonald tried to scuttle scientific recommendations that favored protecting endangered fish and wildlife habitat by limiting the amount of water diverted for irrigation. Although, administrators have changed, the same people within upper management still exists.

14. NOAA orders federal biologists to rewrite a report that had concluded harmful effects on endangered salmon from a federal plan to divert millions of gallons of water from rivers in Northern California to the southern part of the state.

15. USFWS fires Florida scientist who publicly criticized the agency for using faulty science when approving eight development projects in the critical habitat of the endangered Florida panther.

16. Government biologist resigns after accusing the Bush administration of politicizing science, and illegally disregarding his advice leading to the massive fish kill in the Klamath River.

17. Evidence surfaces that USFWS employed false data to conclude that the Florida panther’s survival is not in jeopardy — when in fact the panther population is severely dwindling.

18. Federal officials deleted information used in a cost-benefit analysis of its recovery of the endangered bull trout, falsely concluding that protecting the species would cost hundreds of millions of dollars.

19. Bush administration admits to hiding three reports regarding Klamath River policies, which suggest that protecting water levels would benefit both wildlife and the economy through recreation. However, the administration later chooses to divert water for agriculture, leading to a massive fish kill.

20. NMFS whistleblower accuses the Bush administration of forcing his agency to violate the Endangered Species Act by overruling concerns that diverting water from the Klamath River for irrigation would harm fish. Subsequently, a massive fish kill resulted that later was linked to the administration’s decision.

21. Industry lobbyists convince the Mineral Management Service to weaken sperm whale protections, which they complained hindered the oil and gas industry.

22. Interior Department abruptly reverses its decision that drilling in the Arctic Refuge would harm polar bears.

23. Top Bush administration political appointee at Interior reverses earlier findings that air pollution from a proposed coal power plant in Kentucky would significantly hamper visibility at the nearby MammothCaveNational Park.

24. EPA records reveal, for the third time, that the agency’s proposal for regulating mercury pollution from power plants copied passages — in some cases word for word — from memos written by a law firm representing the utility industry. It just so happens that the head of EPA’s air program and his chief counsel were both partners at the firm before President Bush installed them at the agency.

“I am convinced that I would have been again asked to change my conclusions, or that the biological opinion would be re-written by someone else based on a less rigorous examination of the scientific evidence and without an appropriate level of caution. … Properly conducted, objective science always describes the amount of uncertainty present in a conclusion. However, it appears that this agency, and others under the current administration, routinely abuse the science by giving inappropriately high significance to very small amounts of scientific uncertainty, if that uncertainty supports a desired outcome. Not only does this lack of caution and misuse of science adversely impact natural resources, it misleads the American public about how science and the scientific method work.” — from Mike Kelly’s resignation letter, May 18, 2004

 
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Posted by on August 7, 2013 in Uncategorized